Jesse James - Wikipedia
Sandra Bullock's ex Jesse James marries drag racer Alexis Dijoria after But Jesse James appears to be giving marriage another try - for the. I never meant to fall in love with Jesse James, but I might as well have tried to stop a Zee and Jesse's marriage proved the palmist right. Cindi Myers is the author of more than forty novels, both historical and contemporary. If you buy a new print edition of this book (or purchased one in the past), you can buy the Kindle. Explore articles from the History Net archives about Jesse James . Handbills were printed to this effect, though in later years counterfeit “Dead or Alive” posters .
Jesse is believed to have shot and killed the cashier, Captain John Sheets, mistakenly believing him to be Samuel P. James claimed he was taking revenge, and the daring escape he and Frank made through the middle of a posse shortly afterward attracted newspaper coverage for the first time.
Courtesy of the Missouri State Archives. The brothers denied the charges, saying they were not in Daviess County on December 7, the day the robbery occurred. As Frank and Jesse failed to appear in court, Smoote won his case against them.
The robbery marked the emergence of Jesse James as the most famous survivor of the former Confederate bushwhackers. It was the first time he was publicly labeled an "outlaw"; Missouri Governor Thomas T. Crittenden set a reward for his capture. Edwards, a former Confederate cavalryman, was campaigning to return former secessionists to power in Missouri.
Six months after the Gallatin robbery, Edwards published the first of many letters from Jesse James to the public, asserting his innocence. Over time, the letters gradually became more political in tone, as James denounced the Republicans and expressed his pride in his Confederate loyalties.
Together with Edwards's admiring editorials, the letters helped James become a symbol of Confederate defiance of federal Reconstruction policy. Jesse's initiative in creating his rising public profile is debated by historians and biographers. The high tensions in politics accompanied his outlaw career and enhanced his notoriety. With Jesse James as the most public face of the gang though with operational leadership likely shared among the groupthe gang carried out a string of robberies from Iowa to Texasand from Kansas to West Virginia.
For this, they wore Ku Klux Klan masks. Former rebels attacked the railroads as symbols of threatening centralization.
25 little-known facts about the outlaw Jesse James
The gang held up passengers only twice, choosing in all other incidents to take only the contents of the express safe in the baggage car. John Newman Edwards made sure to highlight such techniques when creating an image of James as a kind of Robin Hood. Despite public sentiment toward the gang's crimes, there is no evidence that the James gang ever shared any of the robbery money outside their personal circle. They had two children who survived to adulthood: Jesse Edward James b.
The Chicago -based agency worked primarily against urban professional criminals, as well as providing industrial security, such as strike breaking. Because the gang received support by many former Confederate soldiers in Missouri, they eluded the Pinkertons.
Joseph Whicher, an agent dispatched to infiltrate Zerelda Samuel's farm, was soon found killed.
7 Things You May Not Know About Jesse James
Two other agents, Captain Louis J. Lull and John Boyle, were sent after the Youngers; Lull was killed by two of the Youngers in a roadside gunfight on March 17, Before he died, Lull fatally shot John Younger. A deputy sheriff named Edwin Daniels also died in the skirmish.
He began to work with former Unionists who lived near the James family farm. On the night of January 25,he staged a raid on the homestead. Detectives threw an incendiary device into the house; it exploded, killing James's young half-brother Archie named for Archie Clement and blowing off one of Zerelda Samuel's arms. Afterward, Pinkerton denied that the raid's intent was arson. But biographer Ted Yeatman located a letter by Pinkerton in the Library of Congress in which Pinkerton declared his intention to "burn the house down.
The Missouri state legislature narrowly defeated a bill that praised the James and Younger brothers and offered them amnesty. This extended a measure of protection over the James—Younger gang by minimizing the incentive for attempting to capture them.
The governor had offered rewards higher than the new limit only on Frank and Jesse James. They may have suspected Askew of cooperating with the Pinkertons in the January arson of the James house. The robbery quickly went wrong, however, and after the robbery, only Frank and Jesse James remained alive and free.
Ames was a stockholder in the bank, but Butler had no direct connection to it. To carry out the robbery, the gang divided into two groups.
Three men entered the bank, two guarded the door outside, and three remained near a bridge across an adjacent square.
The robbers inside the bank were thwarted when acting cashier Joseph Lee Heywood refused to open the safe, falsely claiming that it was secured by a time lock even as they held a Bowie knife to his throat and cracked his skull with a pistol butt.
Assistant cashier Alonzo Enos Bunker was wounded in the shoulder as he fled through the back door of the bank. Meanwhile, the citizens of Northfield grew suspicious of the men guarding the door and raised the alarm. The five bandits outside fired into the air to clear the streets, driving the townspeople to take cover and fire back from protected positions. They shot two bandits dead and wounded the rest in the barrage. Inside, the outlaws turned to flee.
As they left, one shot the unarmed cashier Heywood in the head. Historians have speculated about the identity of the shooter but have not reached consensus. The gang barely escaped Northfield, leaving two dead companions behind. A massive manhunt ensued. It is believed that the gang burned 14 Rice County mills shortly after the robbery.
The militia soon discovered the Youngers and one other bandit, Charlie Pitts.
In a gunfight, Pitts died and the Youngers were taken prisoner. Frank seemed to settle down, but Jesse remained restless. He recruited a new gang in and returned to crime, holding up a train at Glendale, Missouri now part of Independence on October 8, The robbery was the first in a spree of crimes, including the hold-up of the federal paymaster of a canal project in Killen, Alabamaand two more train robberies.
But the new gang was not made up of battle-hardened guerrillas; they soon turned against each other or were captured.
James grew suspicious of other members; he scared away one man and some believe that he killed another gang member. A law enforcement posse attacked and killed two of the outlaws but failed to capture the entire gang. Among the deputies was Jefferson B. Snyderlater a long-serving district attorney in northeastern Louisiana. Upon returning to the house, the two men entered the living room. He picked up a feather duster and stepped up on a chair to clean some pictures on the wall.
Bob and Charlie quickly moved between Howard and his guns, Charlie giving a wink to Bob. Both drew revolvers on the man on the chair, now with his back turned. Craig and Missouri Governor Thomas Crittenden. Last, they used a newfangled device known as a telephone to call the office of City Marshal Enos Craig. But his real name was Jesse James. While his older brother Frank made the transition to peaceful citizen, Jesse suffered from malaria and found it difficult to adjust to honest work.
He returned to Missouri to put together a new gang and in the process crossed paths with the Fords. Jesse liked to at least maintain the pretense of being harassed by former Unionists in order to obtain food, shelter and information from ex-Confederates while he was on the dodge. One of the recruits to this new outfit was Ed Miller, whose brother Clell had been killed in the September Northfield raid. In the summer ofJesse and Miller had a falling out.
The exact details are unclear, but it appears that Ed wanted to leave the gang, and Jesse got the notion he was going to be betrayed and fatally shot Miller. The couple now lived at the old Cummins place in Clay County, a few miles from the James farm. Cummins became suspicious that something bad had happened and tried to locate Miller.
A trip to Nashville, Tenn. He fled in the night to avoid a likely bullet from Jesse. On his person was found some of the Muscle Shoals loot, and he was quickly lodged in the Nashville calaboose. It would only get worse. The bad news about Ryan arrived via the local newspapers, and Frank, Jesse, their respective families and gang member Dick Liddil were soon beating a hasty retreat to Kentucky, with the law on their tail.
Soon that state was getting too hot, and they decided to go back to Missouri. Jesse saw this as a chance to lure his now unemployed brother Frank back into the holdup business.
He also wanted to keep an eye on legal proceedings against Ryan, who was extradited to Independence, Mo. On the evening of July 15,the gang struck near the whistle stop at Winston. Conductor William Westfall was killed in the process. It was later said that Westfall had been on the train that took Pinkerton detectives on their raid on the James farm, but this was apparently not known at the time.
The crime created a sensation in the press. Crittenden, who had vowed to rid the state of the James Gang in his campaign the year before, held a meeting in St. There was no mention of it being dead or alive. Following the Winston robbery, the gang scattered. Dick Liddil spent a good bit of time at the Harbison place with the Fords, and the brothers were reportedly initiated into the holdup business in August The driver was hauling just one passenger.
They tied up their victim and continued to wait for other prey. About five minutes later, they halted a stage with seven passengers, six men and a woman. All the bandits wore blue masks. The woman, a Miss Hunt from St. Joseph, was allowed to remain in the coach and to keep her valuables. One of the victims, C. Oddly, it was the same stage driver, a Mr. Gibson, who had been robbed by the James-Younger Gang seven years before, almost to the day, near the same place. On Wednesday night, September 7,six years to the day after the Northfield robbery attempt, the James Gang went to work at a foot chasm along a curve known as Blue Cut.
The trains were known to slow down at this point, and men could be placed along the rim of the cut to cover the proceedings below. A masked man was placed on the track, beside a pile of rocks, where he waved a lantern to get the oncoming westbound locomotive to halt. Wood Hite and Charlie Ford were to take the engine and express car.
A few blows to the door by the now captive engineer were enough to open the latter, and the agent for the U. This and a perceived slowness at opening the safe caused Charlie Ford to pistol-whip the clerk. Little did the bandits know that an Adams Express safe, hidden under a pile of chicken coops, contained more cash. Frustrated, the outlaws proceeded to rob the passengers. The whole affair lasted about half an hour.
Many had lost every cent they had and were stranded. In the latter part of September, Ryan went on trial in Independence. He asked Wallace not to call any railroad men as witnesses.Jesse James' Hidden Treasure
Crittenden offered him a full pardon for his testimony. Ryan was found guilty and sentenced to 25 years in prison. There was talk of a possible rescue attempt, but the old jail was built like a fortress, and the prisoner was guarded by Captain M. Several other guards were also former Confederates, and even prosecutor Wallace had been forced to relocate with his family during the war after their homestead was ransacked by Kansas jayhawkers.
It was a bad mistake. Shouse, a neighbor who lived about a mile or so from the James farm, was a fellow Southern sympathizer who was also getting tired of the brigandage.
When he learned of what had happened to the Ford boy, he enlisted several neighbors who were armed and went on the watch for Jesse. It all culminated in a shootout at the Harbison place on December 4,with Hite and Liddil firing at each other and then Bob Ford joining the fray. Ford fired one shot at Hite, which he would claim was the fatal bullet. Both, however, would be considered equally guilty if Jesse only knew.
Dick Liddil decided not to risk it. Clarence was taken without a fight and without extradition papers at his home near Adairville, Ky. Time was running out for Jesse James. Joseph in November and lived with Jesse and his family. In early MarchCharlie accompanied Jesse in casing a number of banks in northeast Kansas.
Jesse asked Charlie if he knew of any possible recruits to help with future robberies. Charlie suggested his brother Bob. After looking over likely targets, Jesse and Charlie headed back to pick up Bob. On the day of the killing, April 3, Jesse had talked of leaving for Platte City, to rob the bank there the following day.
Following the raid, public support for Jesse and Frank increased, and the Missouri state legislature even came close to passing a bill offering the men amnesty. Allan Pinkerton never pursued his hunt for Jesse and Frank any further. His gang was defeated trying to rob a Minnesota bank. The gang targeted the bank after learning that Adelbert Ames, a former Union general and Republican governor of Reconstruction-era Mississippi, had recently moved to Northfield.
During the attempted robbery, three members of the gang went inside and demanded the cashier open the safe, but he refused. In the end, the bank cashier was killed by the outlaws as was a passerby, while two bandits were shot to death by townsfolk before the rest of the gang fled.
- Jessie James Decker
- Jesse James
Two weeks later, following a gunfight near Madelia, Minnesota, the Younger brothers were captured and another gang member was killed. Afterward, the Youngers were sentenced to life in prison; Robert Younger died behind bars inwhile his siblings were paroled in