Relationship between sport and identity

Relationship Between Sports - Society and National Identity of Australi

relationship between sport and identity

This paper looks in detail at the idea of national identity. In the pursuit of 'pure' Gaelic sports, the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) had until. The relationship between sport and national identity in postsocialist/Soviet/ colonial nations that have gained independence or sovereignty since has. Sports have evolved into a new form of aesthetic entertainment with the help of technology. Watching a game of live football has never been easier. Sports.

It is also regularly associated with the social problems and issues such as social division, social regeneration, labour migration, poverty, economic crisis, health, violence, social division, etc Adairp. In Australia, some richest and the poorest people are recognized with the form of sports in some different ways. Hence, there exist an immense gap between the poor and the rich parts of Australia in terms of global sports. Sport can be treated as the tool of dictatorship and a symbol of the democratic change Gibbonsp.

Sports help to improve the health and education of the students. It also helps to create job opportunities and prevent the crime. Sports usually represent the competing notions of identity, national tradition, internationalisation and the global solidarity Bairnerp. The sports are related with the social culture of Australians i.

Athletic identity and its relationship to sport participation levels.

Within a particular culture setting of the society, the sports are representing the symbols, meanings, ritual and power Openforum. The sports also have a great impact on the sub-cultural community of the city. They support different sports or different teams from different regions for the social, cultural and political reasons. The people of sub-culture communities are generally the football club supporters or the supporters of some alternative sports which are generally very extreme sports or high-risk sport.

Most of these communities in Australian society support the sporting culture, especially football Deningerp.

Moreover, as a part of the society the Australian women are very much interested in sporting. They not only support a particular sport or a particular team but also most of them are associated with different types of sports and they have the separate women team of cricket, football, rabbi, volleyball, etc. The women are also associated with tennis and other games like swimming, long-jumping, cycling, etc.

Hence, this represents the freedom of women in Australian society Faculty. Relationship between Sports and national identity: There Australian culture is diverse in nature and with this diverse culture there are different sports Toneyp. For example, in Australia football was previously treated as the native game or the game of indigenous culture. More Indigenous Australians are associated with this game, and a great portion of supporters of this game belong from this society.

On the other hand, cricket, tennis, etc.

Even in different cities of Australia, there are different sports teams and the citizens of different cities of Australia support their own native teams makinghistoryatmacquariep.

Australians are very honest, hard-working and aggressive in nature. These characteristics are reflected in their sports. There is a great unity among Aussies, which is reflected in their sporting culture. The Aussies never give up hope and have a great willing power to win which reflect their national identity Houlihan, p.

Key theories based on the learning materials: Media Theory or Metanarratives 2.

Sportizenship: the complex links between citizenship, sports and national identity

Media Theory or Metanarratives: The product of modernity is known as meta-narrative and is most commonly held beliefs that occurred by and about the dominant culture in a society.

The television sports provide homogeneous coverage an event by providing its meaning and reinforcing it through the commentary Uws. According to George Gerbner, the TV world is not same as the real world, and the main goal of TV is not telling something, but selling something. Hence, it can be said that we all thinks the same while watching the TV and it has a great impact on our construction of reality. The same message is provided to us by the advertisers and the sponsors.

Day-by-day the sport and television is becoming a most significant way of conveying the strong uniform messages as most of the time the sports advertisements are performed by the famous athlete who is a celebrity and also treated as star.

In the multi-flow theory of media, these celebrities or the familiar stranger acts as the influential opinion leader. In a post-modern society, it helps to construct the reality. Here the celebrities are treated as the commodity that can be sold and also who can sell it. Television is the forum for the celebrity or the star where the cultivation is done through the aspiration.

Even to raise the brand value of a product the T. Especially the sports-related advertisements are built in such a manner that it should have a positive impact on society. A mock-up or the description of the advertisement: This advertisement is the historically and emotionally significant to each and every Australians who love their nation as well as the Australian Cricket team.

The Baggy Green has always been treated as a key feature of Australian cricket team.

Athletic identity and its relationship to sport participation levels.

According to this advertisement, the Baggy Green is most recognized sports equipment of Cricket Australia. It has an incredible history over time. Then there is an interview of the whole Australian cricket team where the famous Australian cricket players express their feelings about the Baggy Green.

Particularly from the s the players started to hold on the original Baggy Green. Over the time, there were many captains of cricket Australia like Steve Waugh, Ricky Ponting who has held the prestige of Baggy Green over the time.

According to the former Australian cricket captain Ricky Ponting, this green cap has a great significant on their team as it always help to unite the Australian Cricket Team, which is a main cause behind their success over the long period. In this advertisement, there was a special video-clip of the retirement of Ricky Ponting which has made this advertisement more sentimental towards the Cricket Australia and the nation.

Sport, identity and politics Sport is not only a manifestation of a physical contest. It is also a manifestation of cultural and national elements of a society.

National sporting contests are often said to instil a sense of community in a state. By attending and supporting different sporting events, people reinforce the identity dimension of citizenship. Alison and Bairner noted the importance of sporting events for reinforcing Scottish and Irish national identities by creating a sense of a community distinct from the British one. Although the post-Yugoslav states are all independent, sporting events still have a major role in creating and maintaining the identity of these new communities.

Second, at the international level, sporting events reinforce: This international dimension of sporting events is particularly relevant for the post-Yugoslav states. Inter-state competition has a deep symbolic meaning, which is manifested not only in the fact that states compete against each other, so that winning the contest is a catalyst of national pride. A further significant dimension of sport is the metaphor that is encapsulated in the competition between different states.

In particular in team sports basketball, football, water polo are the most popular team sports in the post-Yugoslav statesvalues of toughness and teamwork are central, which has also been a metaphor used to describe armed conflict.

relationship between sport and identity

It has often been argued that team sports highlight territorial control, conquest and defencewhile often using militaristic language. Hence in states that had recently been in war against each other, dominance in a sporting contest reinforces the sense of national pride. Even at the onset of the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia, sports were a catalyst for nationalism.

A further symbolic dimension of international competition that is related to national identity are the rituals involved in international competition. These rituals, which entail flying the national flags, playing national anthems, and teams wearing the national colours, all inspire the sense of national unity.

Hence sporting events where these symbols are reproduced also gain a political meaning. In the first Olympic Games following the disintegration of Yugoslavia, in Barcelona inBosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia participated as independent states, and used their new state symbols.

Relationship Between New/Old Media and National/Global Identities

While the flags of Croatia and Slovenia have remained unchanged since then, that of Bosnia and Herzegovina has changed in due to protests of Bosnian Croats and Serbs that the flag only represented the Bosniaks. The flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina used at the time had a white background with a blue shield with six golden fleur de lys adapted from the medieval coat of arms of the King of Bosnia.

Citizenship and sports |

Macedonia and the then Federal Republic of Yugoslavia composed of Serbia and Montenegro did not participate as countries at the Olympics, but their athletes competed as individual participants under the Olympic rather than the national flag. The situation was more complex for the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was subject to international sanctions which also extended to sporting events.

This pushed many of these talented sports-people to compete under another flag. Another event related to the symbolism of the Olympics shows the intricate link between sport, national identity, and politics in the post-Yugoslav space. During the summer Olympic Games in Athens, there was a deep contestation of the common state of Serbia and Montenegro through symbols.

As the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro did not provide clear guidelines on the text of the national anthem, the Parliament of the then common state held an extraordinary session in August in order to decide on the anthem in the wake of the Olympics. The way in which these themes were manifested at the policy level in the post-Yugoslav space is best exemplified by the relationship between sport and the status of citizenship.

Stuck in the middle: Yet these rights and duties are preconditioned by the citizenship status, which is referred to as nationality in international law. The clearest link between the status of citizenship and sport is the requirement that sports people need to possess the nationality of the state in order to represent that state in international competitions.

relationship between sport and identity

Some sportspeople possess the nationality of the state by virtue of the fact that they were born into it, or that they have blood or other ties with that state. However, naturalisation, or the admission of individuals into the polity, is a prerogative of the state and it is commonly based on the fulfilment of certain conditions.

EU blogstates may in some cases decide to waive some or all of these criteria in order to naturalise people of exceptional merit, including talented sportspeople. Very often, however, sportspeople follow the ordinary naturalisation procedure. The reason behind this practice is found in the eligibility rules of the international sports federations, rather than the citizenship legislation in the different countries.

According to Article 15 of the FIFA Statutea player who has played in an official professional match for one national team is ineligible to play for the national team of another state. In the case of professional football, holders of dual nationality are required to prove either descent in the state they opt to play for, or according to Article 16 of the FIFA statute, that they have lived continuously on the territory of that state for at least two years.

Having in mind FIFAs complex eligibility rules, one cannot help but wonder what happens to players originating from states that have come into being through disintegration, as has been the case with all of the post-Yugoslav states.