Relationship between society and fashion

relationship between society and fashion

Relationship Between Fashion And Identity Cultural Studies Essay for its existence, is not just a way to look good, transcends social and cultural barriers. Fashion can be defined in many ways. To sum it up, it is a way for people to express themselves. It can be a way to stand out or blend in with the masses. Free Essay: The relationship Between Fashion and Lifestyle To begin with, I shall look Fashion is mostly dictated by a person's age, social class, generation.

Social Class in the Twenty-First Century In the twenty-first century, assessing one's social class is no longer a straightforward task because categories have become blurred and the boundaries are no longer well defined or fixed. Since, in global capitalism, inter-and intra-class mobility is not only socially acceptable but encouraged, people do not develop a singular class-consciousness or distinct class culture. Instead, they make an effort to achieve self-representation and vie for the acceptance of their chosen peer group.

The progress of technology has also helped provide access to comparable and often identical status symbols to people of different class backgrounds across the globe. At the same time, however, as sociologist Pierre Bourdieu argues in his treatise Distinctionthe dominant social classes tend to possess not only wealth but "cultural capital" as well.

SOCIAL CLASS AND CLOTHING

In matters of dress, this capital manifests itself in the possession of refined taste and sensibilities that are passed down from generation to generation or are acquired in educational establishments. Conspicuous Leisure, Consumption and Waste According to economist and social commentator Thorstein Veblen, the drive for social mobility moves fashion. In his seminal work, The Theory of the Leisure ClassVeblen claims that the wealthy class exercised fashion leadership through sartorial display of conspicuous leisure, consumption, and waste.

The dress of people in this group indicated that they did not carry out strenuous manual work, that they had enough disposable income to spend on an extensive wardrobe, and that they were able to wear a garment only a few times before deeming it obsolete.

Trickle-Down, Bubble-Up and Trickle-Across Theories Although sociologist Georg Simmel is not the sole author of the "trickle-down" theory, the general public still attributes it to him. In his article, FashionSimmel argued that upper-class members of society introduce fashion changes.

The middle and lower classes express their changing relationship to the upper classes and their social claims by imitating the styles set by the upper classes.

Social Class and Clothing

However, as soon as they complete this emulation, the elite changes its style to reinforce social hierarchy. But as Michael Carter's research in Fashion Classics demonstrates, imitation and differentiation does not occur necessarily one after the other in a neat fashion. Instead, there is an ongoing, dynamic interaction between the two. Besides, within each class as well as among the different classes, there is an internal drive to express and assert one's unique individuality.

By the s, the fashion industry had begun to produce and distribute more than enough products for everyone to be able to dress fashionably. This democratization of fashion means that by the twenty-first century anyone across the world could imitate a new style instantaneously. However, after society's lower-class groups relentlessly challenged the class structure and evaded the sumptuary laws ' strictures, the laws were finally removed from statute books in the second half of the eighteenth century.

relationship between society and fashion

The sartorial expression of difference in social rank is also historically cross-cultural. For example, in China, a robe in yellow, which stood for the center and the earth, was to be used only by the emperor.

In Africa among the Hausa community, members of the ruling aristocracy wore large turbans and layers of several gowns made of expensive imported cloth to increase their body size and thus set them apart from the rest of the society.

In Japan, the colors of the kimono, its weave, the way it was worn, the size and stiffness of the obi sashand accoutrements gave away the wearer's social rank and gentility. Historically, social stratification emerged as the consequence of surplus production.

relationship between society and fashion

This surplus created the basis for economic inequality, and in turn prompted a ceaseless striving for upward mobility among people in the lower strata of society. Those who possess or have access to scarce resources tend to form the higher social class.

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In every society this elite has more power, authority, prestige, and privileges than those in the lower echelons. Therefore, society's values and rules are usually dictated by the upper classes. Social Class Theories Philosopher and economist Karl Marx argued that class membership is defined by one's relationship to the means of production.

relationship between society and fashion

According to Marx, society can be divided into two main groups: These groups are in a perpetual, antagonistic relationship with one another, attempting either to keep up or reverse the status quo. Sociologist Max Weber extended Marx's ideas by contending that social class refers to a group of people who occupy similar positions of power, prestige, and privileges and share a life style that is a result of their economic rank in society.

Social class theories are problematic for a number of reasons. They often conceptualize all classes as homogenous entities and do not adequately account for the disparities among different strata within a particular social class. These theories also tend to gloss over geographic variants of class manifestations, such as urban and rural areas.

Social Class and Clothing | hidden-facts.info

A host of other factors, such as gender, race, ethnicity, religion, nationality, and even age or sexuality, further complicate the theories.

Social Class in the Twenty-First Century In the twenty-first century, assessing one's social class is no longer a straightforward task because categories have become blurred and the boundaries are no longer well defined or fixed. Since, in global capitalism, inter-and intra-class mobility is not only socially acceptable but encouraged, people do not develop a singular class-consciousness or distinct class culture. Instead, they make an effort to achieve self-representation and vie for the acceptance of their chosen peer group.

The progress of technology has also helped provide access to comparable and often identical status symbols to people of different class backgrounds across the globe.

relationship between society and fashion

At the same time, however, as sociologist Pierre Bourdieu argues in his treatise Distinctionthe dominant social classes tend to possess not only wealth but "cultural capital" as well. In matters of dress, this capital manifests itself in the possession of refined taste and sensibilities that are passed down from generation to generation or are acquired in educational establishments.

Conspicuous Leisure, Consumption, and Waste According to economist and social commentator Thorstein Veblenthe drive for social mobility moves fashion.