Relationship between obesity and arthritis

Obesity's Role in Arthritis and Joint Pain - Weight Center - Everyday Health

relationship between obesity and arthritis

Obesity for example increases the risk of knee osteoarthritis but has a lesser effect on disease progression. In addition there is a weaker association with hip and. Obesity may affect risk of developing osteoarthritis and rheumatoid The relationship between excess weight and OA is well-established. Osteoarthritis (OA) occurs when the smooth cartilage in your body's joints become worn out or damaged. Sometimes an injury can lead to OA.

Other factors for osteoarthritis Obesity is one of several factors that can contribute to OA, and age is another big factor. The older you get, the more wear and tear you put on your joints. Some people may inherit bone problems that make them more susceptible to arthritis.

Also, weak muscles, particularly those around the knees, may contribute to OA. Those joints take more of the weight without having strong muscle support around them.

7 Reasons to Lose Weight When You Have Arthritis

Benefits of exercise A mixed regimen of calorie burning cardiovascular exercises and muscle strengthening exercises can counter the effects of OA. More exercise and a lower calorie intake can help bring about weight loss.

Losing extra weight helps remove pressure on your joints.

  • The Impact of Obesity on Arthritis Outcomes
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These activities can help lower your risk of developing OA, or at least cause a reduction in symptoms. Exercises that strengthen muscles around the joints will also help delay the onset of OA and can help you better cope with the condition.

How Fat Affects Arthritis

Jumping for joint health It might seem like jumping rope and other high-impact activities would be harmful to joints with OA. But a study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research found the opposite. Postmenopausal women with mild OA experienced improved bone strength and greater mobility after doing supervised jumping exercises three days a week for a year. If you have OA and plan to exercise, check with your doctor about any precautions you should take.

Losing weight can take time, but even moderate weight loss can ease the discomfort of OA, and can also lower your risk of developing it. Weight loss also helps reduce your risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers. For both reasons — excess joint stress and inflammatory chemicals — fat should be kept in check among all people, especially those who already have OA. This creates inflammation throughout the body, and can lead to joint erosion and pain.

Some of these chemicals, called cytokines, can impact different body systems, including musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems.

relationship between obesity and arthritis

Many types of cytokines are released by fat tissue, and researchers are working to identify them and understand the specific effects of each kind. Other cytokines released by fat include tumor necrosis factor-alpha TNF-alpha and interleukin-1 IL Both are overactive in RA and cause inflammation. You may be familiar with the biologic drugs that suppress them, including etanercept, brand name Enbrel, and infliximab, brand name Remicade, which target TNF-alpha, and anakinra, brand name Kineret, which targets IL One type of adipokine, called adiponectin, is good for the heart, because it has an anti-inflammatory effect on blood vessels — but it causes inflammation in joints.

When people gain weight, they make less adiponectin, which may be one reason overweight RA patients can have less joint damage than those who are not overweight. Matteson of the Mayo Clinic.

relationship between obesity and arthritis

Giles, who has conducted many studies on the effects of body composition and inflammatory arthritis. In addition, researchers have found the excess fat is often located around the abdomen known as visceral fatwhich is a risk factor for heart disease and insulin resistance. Fat and Gout Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis that occurs when an excess of uric acid in the body leads to the formation of uric acid crystals in the joints, triggering painful attacks.

These are most common in the big toe, but also occur elsewhere. According to studies, about 70 percent of people with gout are overweight and 14 percent are obese. Being obese puts a person at a higher risk of developing gout in the first place — and of getting gout 11 years earlier on average than someone of normal weight.

The Impact of Obesity on Arthritis Outcomes

Choi has authored pivotal population-based studies examining the link between gout and obesity. So what is going on? Uric acid is formed when the body breaks down purines — a compound found in human tissue and in most foods, and concentrated in certain meats, seafood and beer. Insulin inhibits uric acid excretion in the kidneys. You can prevent it to large degree. Studies have shown that losing even a small amount of weight can lower uric acid levels, and losing more weight has a bigger effect on reducing uric acid.

Fat and Psoriatic Arthritis Psoriatic arthritis PsA is a type of inflammatory arthritis that affects up to 30 percent of people with psoriasis, an autoimmune condition that causes scaly and inflamed skin. Psoriasis usually precedes psoriatic arthritis.

Why Obesity Matters According to studies, obesity is a risk factor for psoriasis and is associated with more severe disease.