Is Australia and New Zealand's 'mateship' in trouble? - BBC News
These escaped Convicts also formed relationships with the Maori. . In regards to sport, the main difference between New Zealand and Australia is that New. In recognition of the close relationship between our countries and our many shared objectives, New Zealand ministers attend some meeting of the Council of . Australia–New Zealand relations, also referred to as Trans-Tasman relations are extremely Australia, New Zealand's North Island and the northwest of the South Island are on the Indo-Australian Plate, with the remainder of the South Island.
New Zealand has a cool temperate climate, strongly influenced by oceanic factors. New Zealand has a population of around 4. New Zealand's rate of natural increase is about 1. Australia is a major destination for New Zealand migrants and tourists. Traditionally, most inward migration has been from the United Kingdom, Australia and Northern Europe. In more recent times, a growing number of migrants have come from the Pacific island countries, particularly Samoa, Cook Islands and Niue, and from Asia.
Bilateral Relations Australia and New Zealand are natural allies with a strong trans-Tasman sense of family. Migration, trade and defence ties, keen competition on the sporting field, and strong people-to-people links have helped shape a close and co-operative relationship.
Hundreds of thousands of Australians and New Zealanders cross the Tasman each year as tourists, for business purposes, or to visit family members. While New Zealand chose not to join the Australian federation init maintains close political contact. At a government-to-government level, Australia's relationship with New Zealand is the closest and most comprehensive of all its bilateral relationships.
Both Australia and New Zealand cooperate closely in pursuing WTO goals, notably through participation in the Cairns Group — a coalition of 19 agricultural exporting countries seeking the liberalisation of trade in agriculture. The Australia New Zealand Leadership Forum ANZLF is an important annual private sector-led event which brings together a diverse group of leaders from business, government, and community sectors to contribute ideas on developing the bilateral relationship.
The Forum examines and debates economic, defence, political and social ties between Australia and New Zealand as well as broader strategic issues of domestic and international significance. The Australian and New Zealand Prime Ministers hold an annual Leaders' Meeting, as part of a commitment by both governments to the importance of the relationship and an intention to strengthen links further, especially through deeper economic integration.
Prime Ministers are planning to next meet in Australia in early Our bilateral defence relationship is underpinned by the Closer Defence Relations Agreement CDR which provides a broad strategic framework for the bilateral defence relationship. In accordance with the recommendations of the Review of the Australia-New Zealand Defence Relationship, a framework for closer consultation and engagement on defence has been implemented since Our defence ministers Senator Payne and then New Zealand Minister of Defence Mr Brownlee met in April in Auckland to discuss ongoing cooperation and opportunities to enhance our collaboration on regional security initiatives, such as the Pacific Maritime Security Program.
In particular, South Australia was founded and settled in a similar manner to New Zealand, both being influenced by the ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield. Whereas Maori iwi endured the Musket Wars of the period — preceding the former in New Zealand, indigenous Australians have no comparable period of the experience of warfare amongst each other employing European-introduced modern weaponry either before or after their own confrontations with European settler society.
New Zealand participated as a member of the Federal Council of Australasia from and fully involved itself among the other self-governing colonies in the conference and Convention leading up to Federation of Australia.
Ultimately it declined to accept the invitation to join the Commonwealth of Australia resultingly formed inremaining as a self-governing colony until becoming the Dominion of New Zealand in and with other territories later constituting the Realm of New Zealand effectively as an independent country of its own. In the Olympicsthe Festival of Empire and the Olympics the two countries were represented at least in sporting competition as the unified entity " Australasia ". Both continued to co-operate politically in the 20th century as each sought closer relations with the United Kingdom, particularly in the area of trade.
This was helped by the development of refrigerated shippingwhich allowed New Zealand in particular to base its economy on the export of meat and dairy — both of which Australia had in abundance — to Britain. The two nations sealed the Canberra Pact in January for the purpose of successfully prosecuting war against the Axis Powers in World War II and providing for the administration of an armistice and territorial trusteeship in its aftermath.
The Agreement foreshadowed the establishment of a permanent Australia—New Zealand Secretariat, it provided for consultation in matters of common interest, it provided for the maintenance of separate military commands and for "the maximum degree of unity in the presentation This was partially a result of Britain joining the European Economic Community in the early s, thus restricting the access of both countries to their biggest export market. The expedition was sent by Governor Bourke from Sydney and was subsequently criticised for use of excessive force by a British House of Commons report in Promised settlement on confiscated land, more than Australians were recruited.
Bad neighbours? Australia and New Zealand 'not friends' after deportation row
Historically, its popularity in the private schools stemmed from its image as an English sport. Despite the success of Australia's rugby union team, it probably resides in popularity behind the other football codes of Australia football, rugby league and soccer.
Although it is not as popular as rugby union, New Zealanders also like cricket. Unfortunately, the New Zealanders aren't very good at it. It took them a world record of 27 years to win their first test match. Needless to say, New Zealand has never won any cricket World Cups and has never struck fear into other cricketing nations around the world.
A 19th century cartoon that mocks the mayor of Melbourne for using a visit by an English rugby union as an excuse to pour scorn on the Australian game. In the southern states of Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia, Australian football eventually won the battle over union.
Rugby league then positioned itself as a compromise code. Rugby league's working class image helped it gain mainstream popularity in NSW and Queensland while union retreated to the private schools of the two states.
Environment New Zealand is an environmental heaven. It receives high rainfall, has huge rivers fed by melting glaciers, and has nutrient rich soils. It is great for skiing, fishing, farming, bush walking and mountaineering. On the other hand, Australia's deserts, droughts and leached soils are more of an acquired beauty. For farmers they can be hell. The snakes of Australia generally stay out of harms way but they can be intimidating for foreigners.
Because they have always lived in an environmental paradise, New Zealanders don't have the same battler mythology of Australians, who have always had to deal with drought and scorched earth.
Admittedly, New Zealand winters can be tough and it suffers earthquakes, but in terms of making a living off the land, New Zealand is a superior country to Australia.
In short, the land is more productive and rainfall is reliable. Aborigines stand over failed inland expansion. Maori ready their guns for war. Political system Australia and New Zealand have had different kinds of social disputes over the last two centuries. As a result, their political systems have been designed to address those disputes. In Australia, voting is compulsory. In New Zealand, it is not.
Australia uses preferential voting in which candidates are ranked in order of preference. New Zealand does not. Australia uses a first-past-the-post system that gives the seat to the candidate that gets the most votes or preferences.
This results in two major parties dominating. New Zealand uses a proportional voting system. This results in some major parties, but also representation from minority nationalist groups, business lobbies, environmentalists and parties aligned with specific races.
Australia has a senate. Australia does not have seats reserved for any racial group. New Zealand has special seats reserved for Maori. The Queen of England is the head of state of both countries. It has plenty of critics in Australia. It sings about 'wealth for toil', and being 'gurt by sea. God Defend New Zealand sings about loving peace.
God Save the Queen is the national anthem of Britain.
Australia–New Zealand relations - Wikipedia
Economy New Zealand's economy underperforms. Considering the country's environmental and mineral resources, the low GDP has been a cause of concern.
It seems that a lot of New Zealanders don't want to develop manufacturing industries, nor do they want to exploit their abundant resources of gas and coal, or even some of their farming resources. Instead, they want a tourism-based economy like Fiji, the Solomon Islands or the Philippines. Arguably, the Australian economy also underperforms, although not to the same extent as New Zealand. Put simply, Australians are nearly a third more productive than New Zealanders.
Mining is a profitable industry in Australia, and contributed 5.
Australia–New Zealand relations
Services are the largest sector of the Australian economy. Australia has significantly more trade with Asia than New Zealand has. Some of Australia's flagship brands are BHP Billiton, the world's largest mining company, News Ltd, the world's largest media company, Orlando Wines, producer of the biggest selling Australian wine label in the world, and Cochlear Limited, designers and manufacturers of the cochlear implant.
Diaspora Both Australians and New Zealanders have a fondness for living in other people's countries. Out of Australia's population of 20 million, about five per cent 1, are living in foreign countries.
Out of New Zealand's population of 4. The New Zealand diaspora is particularly high due to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, which allows Australian and New Zealand citizens to enter each other's country to live and work, without the need to apply for authority to enter the other country.
Even though New Zealand has superb natural beauty, the flow of people between the two countries has been very much a one-way street.
Inan estimatedNew Zealand citizens were living in Australia. Many of the New Zealanders are economic refugees trying to improve their employment prospects. Inventions Most English speaking nations have a long history of invention and New Zealand is no exception. New Zealand's record seems to show a distinct trend towards recreation. These include Zorbing, high speed amphibian car, Jet pack, referee whistle, jet-boat, artificial reef for surfing, eggbeaters, hairpins, sheeb cycling monorailand bungy jumping.
Other inventions include the cochlear implant, the winged keel, the electric drill, the refrigerator, black box flight recorder, nuclear fusion, differential gears, orbital combustion engine, penicillin, ultrasound, gene shears and the scram jet. For some silly reason, an ugly clothes line known as the Hills Hoist is promoted as a symbol of Australian ingeuinity over the alternative inventions.
In regards to research, in total, New Zealand has produced three Nobel Prize winners. This is not a bad achievement considering that high-tech countries such as Japan have only won 13, and China has not won any. The most notable of these was Ernest Rutherford, who split the atom in Nine of the Australian winners were for science or medicine and one was for literature.
Another eight people with links to Australia have won Nobel Prizes. Attitudes Former All Blacks captain David Kirk, now CEO of Fairfax Media, said, "Australians are assertive, more confident, possibly more optimistic, and probably more demanding, and tend to get what they want out of a deal.