Antislavery Connection - Women's Rights National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)
roots in the abolitionist organizations of the early s, and they shared many the two movements disagreed completely on the relationship between their movement and the existing political structure, particularly the Republican Party. An exhibit on the connection between the antislavery movement and political, and military contest of the Civil War, abolitionists decided the. Maybe there is a link between education and abolitionism . because men were afraid that women would enter politics and find out how badly.
The women's rights movement was the offspring of abolition. Many people actively supported both reforms. Several participants in the First Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls had already labored in the anti-slavery movement.
The organizers and their families - the Motts, Wrights, Stantons, M'Clintocks and Hunts - were active abolitionists to a greater or lesser degree. Noted abolitionist and former slave Frederick Douglass attended and addressed the Convention. Both movements promoted the expansion of the American promise of liberty and equality - to African Americans and to women.
How did these two movements develop and how were they related to each other? How did each develop strategies and deal with the contradiction of violence and war that results from the advocacy of peaceful change? Many slaveholders in the upper South also freed slaves.
Inthe American Colonization Society formed to resettle freed slaves in Africa. However, the South depended on slave labor as cotton production expanded after the invention of the cotton gin. Repressive laws and public justification of slavery followed southern slave revolts in the s and s. Religious revivals during the Second Great Awakening intensified anti-slavery activity after Seeking to perfect society, adherents targeted slavery as an evil that destroyed individual free will as moral beings.Suffrage and Abolitionist Movements
Abolitionists began to demand immediate, uncompensated emancipation of slaves. Women were a large part of the general membership and formed separate, local female anti-slavery branches. Mott also helped found the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society inan organization, noted for its promotion of racial and gender equality, that included African American and white women as leaders and members. Many anti-slavery reformers, like the Quakers, came from pacifist backgrounds or espoused nonviolent social reform.
They shaped public opinion by distributing newspapers and tracts, sending out organizers and lecturers, and hosting fundraising fairs. Garrison, who saw the U. Constitution and federal government as pro-slavery forces, observed Independence Day as a day of mourning. Between andthe American Anti-Slavery Society split in three, in part over the issue of women's leadership, specifically Abby Kelley's appointment to the business committee.
Radical abolitionists and women's rights supporters, known as "Garrisonian" abolitionists, remained in the American Anti-Slavery Society. The newly formed American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society restricted membership to males, with auxiliaries for females. The politically minded formed the Liberty Party, limiting women's participation to fundraising. This accorded with the prevalent view of women as a moral not a political force.
As the campaign gained popularity, many women - ranging from the Whig aristocrat, Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, to the Bristol milk-woman Ann Yearsley - published anti-slavery poems and stories. Is one half of the human species, like the poor African slaves, to be subject to prejudices that brutalise them Yearsley's patron, Hannah More, publicised the campaign with 'Slavery, a Poem'which dramatically depicted the predicament of an enslaved woman, ill-used and separated from her children.
This theme was repeatedly emphasised by women campaigners. More was a member of a group of evangelicals associated with the anti-slavery campaign. Her friend, Lady Margaret Middleton, is credited with encouraging both the group's leaders, Thomas Clarkson and William Wilberforce, to take up the cause.
Although, because she was a woman, Lady Middleton had no direct political power she was able to cajole her influential friends. Ironically, it was against the necessity for women to exercise such wiles that Mary Wollstonecraft railed in 'Vindication of the Rights of Woman'writing 'When therefore I call women slaves, I mean in a political and civil sense; for, indirectly they obtain too much power and are debased by the exertions to obtain illicit sway.
Working- and middle-class families were encouraged by appeals to women to buy sugar produced in the East Indies using free labour. More thanpeople joined this boycott of sugar grown on plantations using slave labour. Objects such as Wedgwood's cameos featuring the image of a kneeling, chained, black slave were bought by women to be used in bracelets and hairpins to publicise their support for the cause.
As well as these indirect contributions, in the Abolition Society and its provincial committees had female subscribers. They were mainly of the 'middling sort' - wives and daughters of merchants, professionals, manufacturers and shopkeepers - drawn from Quaker, Unitarian and Evangelical families. But women were not officers of these committees and were generally not invited to sign the thousands of petitions organised by the Abolition Society.
Women continued to be involved in the popular campaign until its collapse in The radicalism it inspired was no longer acceptable as France was ravaged by revolution.
Abolitionist Movement — History of U.S. Woman's Suffrage
A decade and a half later, when national interests coincided with those of the abolitionists, smart parliamentary tactics ensured the Abolition Act was passed in Top Abolishing slavery in the British colonies: However, when Wilberforce and Clarkson formed the Anti-Slavery Society in to end slavery in Britain's colonies, women once more took a direct part in the campaign, contributing to a change in strategy for the organisation. InElizabeth Heyrick, a Leicester Quaker, published 'Immediate, Not Gradual Abolition', which proposed the immediate emancipation of slaves in the British colonies rather than the gradual abolition suggested by the Anti-Slavery Society.
Women's societies took up the call and inthe Anti-Slavery Society agreed to the change. A slight cultural change now permitted women to sign petitions and so make their views known to parliament.
The first women-only society was formed in Birmingham in Others followed, representing the campaign's major organisational development. The answer is complex.
Abolition and Women’s Rights | The Pluralism Project
Moreover, the picture differs between the US and UK movements in the early 20th century. While the American suffragettes were living in a country where racial segregation was the norm in certain states, the British suffragettes' dealings with race were more nuanced and less known.
Their accommodation was poor, their work was uncertain and poorly paid. But in Adams' opinion, there could have been some conflict. Anita Anand, author of Sophia: Princess, Suffragette, Revolutionarytells me that there was also one woman in particular, the aforementioned Indian princess Sophia, the god-daughter of Queen Victoria, who played a huge role in the suffragette movement.
She believed there was something stronger than racial hatred and it was the sisterhood. Her actions were not ignored by the suffragettes. But it pales in comparison to the way American suffragettes manipulated race for gain.