understanding the relations between the categories form and content. . that the principle dialectic in the dramatic structure is that working between story and. form and content of philosophical writing more generally. . ideas on the relationship between form and con- .. seaman will lay a dialectical hand on this work. In this dialectical self-relation between the objective external world, the class struggle, and The form is 'thrown off', through the transformation of content, under These are identity into difference, necessity into chance and cause into effect.
Hegel criticises this law, and points out that the ancient Greeks had already proved that, for instance, the simple concept of motion requires that an object is both 'here and not-here' at one and the same time, something modern mathematics and physics would now agree with!Film Form
Mao's articleis a highly readable popular explanation of the application of the concept of contradiction in the analysis of complex social and historical phenomena. A known thing, from which other inferences may be drawn. Deduction and Induction are terms denoting opposite methods of reasoning. Deduction is the method of inference which substantiates a conclusion on the basis of a number of previously established premises by means of the application of laws of logic, rather than by drawing on experience.
Induction is begins from a number of given facts and arrives at the principles exhibited in these facts, opening the possibility for deducing new facts or hypotheses. However, it should be kept in mind that cognition is impossible without both deduction and induction.
Neither induction nor deduction can go more than a single step without the help of the other. Criticising formal logicwhich rigidly separate Deduction and Induction, Hegel asks: And where do the premises come from?
Deduction and induction are a unity of broadly the same nature as analysis and synthesis. In Hegel's writing, the term "thought determination" comes up very frequently; it doesn't mean very much. Lenin mentions several possible words for the same thingand later makes light fun over Hegel's use of the word. If carried to the point of absolute or mechanical determinism - the denial of chance and accident - as in the case of Laplacedeterminism becomes a kind of fatalism in which everything is absolutely determined by what has gone before.
See Hegel's contrast of the Development of the Notion and Hegel's explanation of the relation between opposites in Being and Essencewhich make up the Objective Logic. See also Development of the Notion in Hegel's Logic.
The term has a basis in Engels' work, such as in popularising Marx's ideas, though neither Marx nor Engels ever used the term. See also Historical Materialism and Political Economy.
Discussing about the Dialectical Relationship between Knowledge and Mentality
Refer to Continuity and Discontinuity above. Probably the same gentlemen who up to now have decried the transformation of quantity into quality as mysticism and incomprehensible transcendentalism will now declare that it is indeed something quite self-evident, trivial, and commonplace, which they have long employed, and so they have been taught nothing new.
But to have formulated for the first time in its universally valid form a general law of development of Nature, society, and thought, will always remain an act of historic importance.
In its rational form, it is a scandal and abomination to bourgeoisdom and its doctrinaire professors, because it includes in its comprehension an affirmative recognition of the existing state of things, at the same time, also, the recognition of the negation of that state, of its inevitable breaking up; because it regards every historically developed social form as in fluid movement, and therefore takes into account its transient nature not less than its momentary existence; because it lets nothing impose upon it, and is in its essence critical and revolutionary.
Nonetheless, Marx and Marxists developed the concept of class struggle to comprehend the dialectical contradictions between mental and manual labor, and between town and country.
As the most comprehensive and profound doctrine of development, and the richest in content, Hegelian dialectics was considered by Marx and Engels the greatest achievement of classical German philosophy But, to acknowledge this fundamental thought in words, and to apply it in reality in detail to each domain of investigation, are two different things For dialectical philosophy nothing is final, absolute, sacred.
It reveals the transitory character of everything and in everything; nothing can endure before it, except the uninterrupted process of becoming and of passing away, of endless ascendancy from the lower to the higher. And dialectical philosophy, itself, is nothing more than the mere reflection of this process in the thinking brain.
Dialectical naturalism explores the complex interrelationship between social problems, and the direct consequences they have on the ecological impact of human society.
Bookchin offered dialectical naturalism as a contrast to what he saw as the "empyrean, basically antinaturalistic dialectical idealism" of Hegel, and "the wooden, often scientistic dialectical materialism of orthodox Marxists". Dialectical theology[ edit ] Neo-orthodoxyin Europe also known as theology of crisis and dialectical theology,   is an approach to theology in Protestantism that was developed in the aftermath of the First World War — It is characterized as a reaction against doctrines of 19th-century liberal theology and a more positive reevaluation of the teachings of the Reformationmuch of which had been in decline especially in western Europe since the late 18th century.
In the death of Christ humanity is negated and overcome, but this judgment also points forwards to the resurrection in which humanity is reestablished in Christ. For Barth this meant that only through God's 'no' to everything human can his 'yes' be perceived. Applied to traditional themes of Protestant theology, such as double predestinationthis means that election and reprobation cannot be viewed as a quantitative limitation of God's action.
Rather it must be seen as its "qualitative definition".
The Dialectic of Form and Content
Legacy[ edit ] Dialectics has become central to continental philosophy, but it plays no part in Anglo-American philosophy. In other words, on the continent of Europe, dialectics has entered intellectual culture as what might be called a legitimate part of thought and philosophy, whereas in America and Britain, the dialectic plays no discernible part in the intellectual culture, which instead tends toward positivism.
Existentialismlike Marxismaddresses itself to experience in order to discover there concrete syntheses.
It can conceive of these syntheses only within a moving, dialectical totalisation, which is nothing else but history or—from the strictly cultural point of view adopted here—'philosophy-becoming-the world'. Inhe wrote and delivered a paper entitled "What Is Dialectic?
It should remind us that philosophy should not be made a basis for any sort of scientific system and that philosophers should be much more modest in their claims. One task which they can fulfill quite usefully is the study of the critical methods of science " Ibid.