# The relationship styles questionnaire construction

### Self-Report Attachment Measures - Psychology Members' Site

The Magnitude of Mode Effects for Questions of Different Types . .. to clarify whose relationship to whom is being asked about. Guideline 4. These surveys are designed to measure your attachment style--the way you relate This survey is designed to provide you with in-depth information about your. vised scale of adult attachment style by Collins and Read. (). Siegert, Ward, and Hudson () examined the factor structure of this.

This particular combination of the two dimensions is sometimes referred to as the "deactivating vs. As such, the more anxious and avoidant people are with respect to attachment, the lower their scores on the dependent variable.

With respect to Bartholomew's prototypes, this pattern of coefficients suggests that highly secure people i. When both coefficients are negative, the effect is driven by both dimensions. The combination of these two dimensions is sometimes referred to as the "secure vs.

It is also possible to test the interaction between attachment-related anxiety and avoidance, although, in my experience, the interaction rarely explains much variance in dependent variables.

It is necessary to include the interaction term if you are predicting a pattern of results that cannot be modeled as an additive combination of the two dimensions. For example, if you predict that highly secure people will be high on variable X and that highly dismissing, fearful, and preoccupied people will be low on variable X, it is necessary to include an interaction term to characterize such a pattern because, by definition, this pattern cannot be represented fully as an additive combiation of anxiety and avoidance.

The ECR-R appears to be about anxiety and avoidance. I want to know how secure a person is, not how anxious or avoidant he or she is. Why doesnt the ECR-R assess security? The ECR-R does assess security--don't let the names of the dimensions mislead you. In Bartholomew's framework the theoretical model that organizes the ECR-Rsecurity is represented as the "low" ends of these two dimensions.

In other words, a prototypical secure individual does not worry about whether his or her partner will abandon him or her low anxiety and is comfortable opening up to and depending on others low avoidance.

If you were to fold the two-dimensions into a one-dimensional space that captured security, the theoretically appropriate way to do so would be to average the anxiety and avoidance scores to tap the dimension that runs at a degree angle across the two-dimensional space. The secure end of this dimension would be low anxiety, low avoidance security ; the insecure end would be high anxiety, high avoidance fearful-avoidance.

Combining the two dimensions in this way to create a single dimension, however, would collapse across the variation in preoccupied to dismissing attachment. I have heard that there is an on-line measure based on the ECR-R where students can take the ECR and have their scores on the two dimensions plotted for them.

Yes, the site is located at http: The site also provides information on attachment theory more generally, and can be used for educational purposes, or just for fun or both. Important note added Sept I have recently learned that some people are "scoring" paper-and-pencil versions of the ECR-R by entering their participants' responses into the web page and allowing the web page to score the responses.

Please note that the web page automatically randomizes the order of the questions. In other words, each time you load the web page, the items will appear in a different order. If you're simply entering in responses without attending to the order in which the items appear, you will get useless results.

Also, sometimes the page only uses some items from the ECR-R; other items are rotated in on an experimental basis. The online test is not meant to be a mechanism by which other researchers can assess attachment for their research purposes. It is an educational tool and one that we use for experimental purposes to collect basic data on item functioning.

A continuous approach, using prototypes or dimensions, is the best approach. Completing the forced-choice paragraph first serves as a counterbalancing effect to minimize order effects when participants rank the degree to which each prototype is self-characterizing.

If you wish your results to correspond to the anxiety dimension, the calculation can be reversed [i. In the latter calculation, higher scores will refer to higher anxiety and more negative models of self. If you wish your results to correspond to the avoidance dimension, the calculation can be reversed [i. In the latter calculation, higher scores will refer to higher avoidance and and more negative models of the other.

### R. Chris Fraley

On a 5-point scale, participants rate the extent to which each statement best describes their characteristic style in close relationships. Five statements contribute to the secure and dismissing attachment patterns and four statements contribute to the fearful and preoccupied attachment patterns. Scores for each attachment pattern are derived by taking the mean of the four or five items representing each attachment prototype. Additionally, the three dimensions used by Collins and Read can also be obtained.

Alternatively, and perhaps preferably, you can use the questionnaire to derive scales of the underlying two dimensions of anxiety and avoidance see below. Like the RQ, the RSQ can be worded in terms of general orientations to close relationships, orientations to romantic relationships, or orientations to a specific adult, peer relationship.

The RSQ is designed as a continuous measure of adult attachment. If, however, it is absolutely necessary for you to classify participants into attachment patterns, you must use standard scores. First, you would create the four subscales by computing the mean rating of the items for each subscale.

Then you would transform those mean ratings into standard scores.

### Attachment Styles and Close Relationships

This is a far from ideal use of the RSQ and should be undertaken only as a last resort! Thus, researchers are able to relate the RSQ to alternate self-report measures of adult attachment. This can be done in at least three ways: We recommend the third approach. First, attachment ratings on both the RQ and the RSQ need to be converted into standard scores z-scores.

**What Is Your Attachment Style?**

For example, the now standardized RQ secure scores are combined with the now standardized RSQ secure scores to form a single, composite measure of secure attachment. Apply the same procedure to the remaining attachment pattern ratings. These composite scores can be used in all subsequent analyses. For an example of this procedure see: Adult attachment styles, perceived social support and coping strategies.

Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, Vol. The case of adult attachment.