Phone, Suggest a phone number Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail. Political Ideology. Unofficial Page. Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail. Posts about Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail. There are no. One source of continued instability in Romania was Corneliu Zelea Codreanu’s pro-Nazi Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail and its paramilitary wing, the Garda de. Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“ has 4 ratings and 0 reviews. Solid construita documentar, impecabila metodologic, lucrarea de fata este, probabil, cea ma.

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During this period, the Legion was generally on the receiving end of persecution. According to Ioanid, the Legion “willingly inserted strong elements of Orthodox Christianity into its political ideology to the point of becoming one of the arhangjelului modern European political movements with a religious ideological structure. Once in power Sima and Antonescu quarreled bitterly. Want to Read Currently Reading Read.

Mihai rated it really liked it Sep 04, On February 10,the King dissolved the government, taking on the role of a royal dictator.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Romania had a very large intelligentsia relative to the general population with 2.

Iron Guard

The movement’s leader, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, was a religious patriot who aimed at a spiritual resurrection for the nation. On 14 Januaryafter securing approval in person from Hitler, and with support of the Romanian army and other political leaders, Antonescu moved in.

Die Legion ” Erzengel Michael ” in Rumanien: Politics of Romania Kihail parties Elections. InCorneliu Zelea Codreanu left the number two position under A. Waves of repression almost completely eliminated the Legion’s original leadership bypromoting second-rank members to the forefront. The Borderlands of Romania and the Soviet Unionp.

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Frunza Bogdan marked it as to-read Mar 23, The leaders of the Iron Guard often wore traditional peasant costumes with crucifixes and bags of Romanian soil around their necks to emphasise their arhnghelului to authentic Romanian folk values, in marked contrast to Romania’s Arhanghelu,ui elite who preferred to dress in the style of the latest fashions of Paris.

Even before the Great DepressionRomanian universities were producing far more graduates than the number of available jobs and the Great Depression had further drastically limited the opportunities for employment by the intelligentsia mihal, who turned to the Iron Guard out of frustration. Sabin Pandelea added it Feb 21, Journalist Edward Behr claimed that in earlya secret agreement was signed by the leaders of lwgiunea exiled Iron Guard in displaced persons DP camps in Germany and Austria and the Romanian Communist Party, under which the all of the Iron Guards in the DP camps except for those accused of the murder of Communists could return home to Romania in exchange for which the former Iron Guards would work as thugs to terrorize the anti-communist opposition as part of the plans for the ultimate Communist take-over of Romania.


Using popular outrage oegiunea Romania being forced to return a large block of land as a result of the Second Vienna Awardthe alliance forced the abdication of Carol II in favour of his son Michaeland leaned even more strongly toward the Axis. The members of the first “Death Squad” were: The Iron Guard Romanian: In contrast to the traditional idea that Romania would follow the path of its “Latin sister” France, Codreanu promoted a xenophobic, exclusive ultra-nationalism, where Romania would follow its own path and rejected the French ideas about universal values and human rights.

In the parliamentary elections the Legion came in third, behind the Liberal and the Peasant Parties, with Rutgers University Press, p. Codreanu was arrested and mihsil in Apriland ultimately strangled to death along arhangheluluk several other legionnaires by their Gendarmerie escort on the night of November 29—30,purportedly during an attempt to escape from prison.

Legionnaires’ rebellion and Bucharest pogrom. A History of Fascism — Madison: Romania had been a strongly Francophile country starting in when the United Principalities came into being, giving Romania effective independence from the Ottoman Empire an event largely made possible by French diplomacy which pressured legiunra Ottomans on behalf of the Romaniansand from that time onwards, most of the Romanian intelligentsia professed themselves believers in French ideas about the universal appeal of democracy, freedom and human lrgiunea, while at the same time holding anti-Semitic views about Romania’s Jewish minority.

As a paramilitary force, the Iron Guard had no arhangheluluo of firearms while it was in power. Lehiunea main symbol used by the Iron Guard was a triple cross a variant of the triple parted and fretted onestanding for prison bars as a badge of martyrdomand sometimes referred to as the “Archangel Michael Cross” “Crucea Arhanghelului Mihail”.


In the period between —47 Romania had a coalition government in which the Communists played a leading, but not yet dominant role. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Unlike legiunsa fascist movements of the time, the Iron Guard was purposely anti-Semitic, promoting the idea that “Rabbinical aggression against the Christian world” in “unexpected ‘protean forms’: Alexa marked it as to-read Jun 16, King Carol II was strongly opposed to the Legion’s political aims and successfully kept them out of government until he himself was forced to abdicate in Soziale Bewegung und politische Organisation: The name “Garda de Fier” is also used by a small, Romanian nationalist group, active in the post- communist era.

The Iasi Pogrom of June ” pp. They were all skinned During the crisis arhannghelului of the Iron Guard instigated a deadly pogrom in Bucharest.

Founded by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu on June 24,as the “Legion of the Archangel Michael ” Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihailand led by him until his assassination inadherents to the movement continued to be widely referred to as “legionnaires” sometimes “legionaries”; Romanian: University of Wisconsin Leguunea pp.

Daniel Cojocaru marked it as to-read Jan 10, History s Arditi Fascio. Monografia, aparuta in la o cunoscuta editura muncheneza, a fost la origine o teza de doctorat. Payne writes in his arhsnghelului of Fascism, “The Legion was arguably the most unusual mass movement of interwar Europe.

A few such examples are listed bellow:. Solid construita documentar, impecabila metodologic, lucrarea de fata este, probabil, cea mai verosimila analiza a unei teme care nu si-a epuizat inca sensurile explozive. Villard Books, p. The Iron Guard is currently commemorated in Romania and elsewhere through permanent public displays monuments and street names as well as public distinctions such as posthumous honorary citizenship dedicated to some of its members.

According to a secret report filed by the Hungarian political secretary in Bucharest in latethree main factions existed: Corneliu Zelea Codreanu — Horia Sima — Wikimedia Commons has media related to Iron Guard.