Identify different forms of helping relationships | annette rimmer - hidden-facts.info
In all helping relationships To reword Parker Palmer ( 11) good helping is and client and many other less formally defined relationships such as: Social. Introduction to the professional helping relationship with emphasis on the quality of the relation. Key concepts. · helper and client - the asymmetrical relationship. the relationship between parents and those helping them is a partnership defined in terms of mutual participation and involvement, being parent-led, involving.
It is important that the counsellor is not emotionally involved with the client and does not become so during counselling sessions. The counsellor neither judges, nor offers advice. The counsellor gives the client an opportunity to express difficult feelings such as anger, resentment, guilt and fear in a confidential environment.
The counsellor may encourage the client to examine parts of their lives that they may have found difficult or impossible to face before. There may be some exploration of early childhood experiences in order to throw some light on why an individual reacts or responds in certain ways in given situations. This is often followed by considering ways in which the client may change such behaviours.
Effective counselling is not advice-giving and is not acting on someone else's behalf these are more the roles of a life coach. The ultimate aim of counselling is to enable the client to make their own choices, reach their own decisions and to act upon them accordingly, all the while, maintaining full empathy and respect for the client. The counsellor should be qualified or working towards their qualification.
They will need regular supervision so as to maintain the correct level of professionalism and professional approach. The counsellor will work within the counselling code of ethics and confidentiality will be correctly defined. The client chooses the counselling as well as leads the counselling session. It is their decision.
Helping relationships – principles, theory and practice
Counselling is a managed activity in which the counsellor will not offer advice or attempt to direct the session. Counsellors tend to believe that you know yourself better than anyone else, however, other helping relationships believe that they know you better than you know yourself.
Counselling is a managed activity which means that counsellors have regular supervision from a supervisor. The supervisor provides emotional support, to help them to resolve their own issues, as well as information and guidance. In other helping relationships they are not usually supervised in this manner and they have no such support only that which relates to clinical issues. Counselling is concerned with bringing about a voluntary change in the client.
The counsellor provides facilities to help achieve the desired change or make the suitable choice.
Introduction to the professional helping relationship with emphasis on the quality of the relation
The client alone is responsible for the decision or choices he makes, thought the counsellor may assist in this process by his warmth and understanding relationship. A helping relationship is concerned with the optimal development of the individual, educational, vocational, personal, social, moral, physical both.
For his own satisfaction and for the benefit of the society. In counseling information is given to solve the problem, however, the helping relationship, such as a teacher, is an organized service to identify and develop the potentialities of pupils comprehensive information about all the clients is collected in the help of different test, tools, and resources, recorded. This information is communicated to the individual to help than to understand themselves and for their all round personality of development.
Counseling requires special setup a room to be conducted so that a safe neutral environment can be accomplished, yet, on the other hand, guidance may be given in any normal set up. Counseling requires a high level skill from someone who is qualified or working toward their qualification or in special professional training whilst, in a helping relationship, guidance may be done by anyone.
In counseling decision-making operates at emotional levels in comparison to the helping relationship where decision-making usually operates at intellectual levels. Counselling offers the client to choose whether or not to begin or continue with counselling, whereas, in a helping relationship, the speaker has no choice.
Counsellors adhere a code of ethics yet, although doctors may do, not all types of helping relationship do. Written or verbal contracts are offered to clients undergoing counselling so that both parties are fully aware of what is to be expected.
In other helping relationships no contracts are offered. Within clearly stated boundaries e.
As I have touched upon previously, advice more than often given in helping relationships and this includes the prescribing of medication. Counselling is non- directive, therefore, does not offer advice or guidance as this would be seen as directing the client. Although there are many differences between counselling and helping relationships, it can be seen that all types of relationship requires respect from both the speaker and the listener.
However, most are influenced by humanistic, process-experiential and psychodynamic principles. The three types that I will be looking at will be: This model belongs to the humanistic school of therapy.
Rogers strongly believed that in order for a client's condition to improve therapists should be warm, genuine and understanding and that the way we perceive the situation depicts the way in which we behave. Counsellors using this model work ton establish a relationship with their clients in which they can develop their self-awareness by gaining a greater understanding of their feelings and behaviour, therefore, helping them to effect the changes in their lives There are three basic principles that person centred counselling operates to.
These are known as the Core-Conditions, being: Empathy — Being inside the private world of the other so that he or she can not only clarify the meanings of which the client is aware but even those just below the level of awareness.
It is a frame of reference. Congruence — Complete genuineness. Being present and aware with the client. The client can build a trusting relationship with the counsellor as the counsellor is being genuine and real.
Unconditional Positive Regard — Listening in a warm, non-judgemental way. The client can open up without the fear of being judged. These Core Conditions are necessary and sufficient for therapeutic change when shown by the counsellor to the client, therefore, the client is in control of being able to find their own answers.
In Transactional Analysis, the counsellor teaches the model to the client. It is not non-directive, however, it is Active-Directive which means that the client is given homework and worksheets to work on away from the session and is taught the techniques by the counsellor within the session itself. The counsellor is the expert and they enable the client to realise how things that have happened in their childhood affect their day-to-day being.
This model helps the client to recognise their presenting past. The basis of the model is the Parent, Adult and Child ego states. We can't change the past, so we change how people are thinking, feeling and behaving today. In REBT, the counsellor teaches the model to the client.
The counsellor is the expert and they enable the client to rationalise more about their day-to-day life. This model helps to enable the client to pay attention to how they are thinking. In REBT the core conditions as explained above are considered desirable. The different models guide the counsellor through the process of understanding clients and their problems and developing solutions.
However, as all people are different, each person will find their own model which is suitable for their issue. Here are some examples: Person Centred Counselling Adele has suffered from work-place bullying and her self-worth is very low. PCT would be the best form of counselling because it will enable Adele to build her self-esteem and to accept her own thoughts and feelings. Or, Rebecca has a terminal illness and just would like someone to listen to her as she talks about her past.
PCT would be the best form of counselling because Rebecca would be able to talk freely with the counsellor and not directed in any way. Transactional Analysis Paul is an orphan and has been in care all of his life.
He struggles with relationships and communication with people. Transactional Analysis would be the best form of therapy as it will enable her to realise how her negative childhood experiences has caused her to struggle with building relationships. Or, Ezmerelda has difficulty with relationships as every man she dates reminds her of her father.
Transactional analysis would be the best form of therapy as Ezmerelda will realise how her childhood experience with her father is influencing her present issue of having problems with relationships.
For many people within the social professions — social work, youth work and community work Banks The same is probably true of those working within informal education and social pedagogy more broadly. Each of these is based in the needs of the person seeking help. The first relates to those they are helping to manage specific problems. The second helping goal looks to their general ability to manage problems and develop opportunities. As well as being linked to counselling and guidance, helping is often used to talk about specific moments of teaching e.
It is also associated with giving direct physical assistance — for example, helping someone to wash or to go to the toilet — or practical aid such as giving clothing or money. However, describing the role exclusively in terms of counselling or teaching or educating narrows things down too much for us. Making sense of what these people are actually doing and expressing entails drawing upon various traditions of thinking and acting.
This form of helping involves listening and exploring issues and problems with people; and teaching and giving advice; and providing direct assistance; and being seen as people of integrity. Smith and Smith Helpers are concerned with learningrelationship and working with people to act on their understandings. However, they also step over into the world of counselling.
They do this by being experienced as a particular kind of person and drawing upon certain skills, not by taking on the persona of counsellor British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy ; Higson Counselling entails a more formalized relationship than what we are talking about as helping; and is based in a specific set of traditions of thinking and practice.
Thus, the helping relationship in the context of therapy and counselling feels and looks different to the helping relationship in the context of pastoral care or housing support — but more of this later. The helping person — caring, committed and wise To reword Parker Palmer This means that helpers both need to know themselves, and seek to live life as well as they can. They need to be authentic. In a passage which provides one of the most succinct and direct rationales for a concern with attending to, and knowing, our selves Parker Palmer draws out the implications of his argument.
As I teach, I project the condition of my soul onto my students, my subject, and our way of being together…. When I do not know myself, I cannot know who my students are. I will see them through a glass darkly, in the shadows of my unexamined life — and when I cannot see them clearly, I cannot teach them well.
When I do not know myself, I cannot know my subject — not at the deepest levels of embodied, personal meaning. I will know it only abstractly, from a distance, a congeries of concepts as far removed from the world as I am from personal truth.
As well as knowing themselves, Smith and Smith argue that helpers also need certain other qualities. When people search for someone to help them reflect upon and improve their lives, they tend to be drawn into relationship with those who are seen or experienced as caring, committed and wise.
They are liable to look around for help from people whom they can approach easily and with confidence. Compassion is being in tune with oneself, the other person s and the whole world.
It is goodness at its most intuitive and unreflecting. It is a harmony which opens itself and permits the flowing out of love toward others without any reward. It avoids using people as tools. It sees them as complete and without a need to be changed. David Brandon put caring and concern to alleviate suffering at the core of helping. Caring-for someone, according to Noddings, involves sympathy — feeling with. It also entails being open to what the other person is saying and might be experiencing and reflecting upon it.
However, there is also something else here. When caring for another we have to be concerned with the interests of the that person. Carers have to respond to the cared-for in ways that are, hopefully, helpful. There must also be some realization on the part of the cared-for that an act of caring has occurred.
Helping Relationships In Counseling and Psychotherapy
Caring involves connection and relationship between the carer and the cared-for, and a degree of reciprocity. Both gain from the relationship in different ways and both give see Smith Caring-about is more abstract. When we talk about caring-about it usually involves something more indirect than the giving immediate help to someone. For example, we may care-about the suffering of those in poor countries.
In this we are concerned about their plight. This may lead to us wanting to do something about it — but the result is rarely care-for. Nel Noddings argues that we learn first what it means to be cared-for — particularly in families and close relationships.
This caring-about, Noddings suggests, is almost certainly the foundation for our sense of justice. Wisdom Smith and Smith It is quality which especially attracts people to them for help. However, while they possess expertise: Rather it is how they are with us, and we with them. We can feel valued and animated and, in turn, value them.
Out of this meeting comes insight. It generally means that the person so labelled is seen as having a deep understanding, a regard for truth, and an ability to come to sound judgements. He suggested that a helping relationships could be defined as one in which: In other words, Carl Rogers understood that counselling relationships, for example, were just special instances of interpersonal relationships in general op.
Carl Rogers on the interpersonal relationship in the facilitation of learning What are these qualities, these attitudes, that facilitate learning?
Realness in the facilitator of learning. Perhaps the most basic of these essential attitudes is realness or genuineness. This means that the feelings that she is experiencing are available to her, available to her awareness, that she is able to live these feelings, be them, and able to communicate if appropriate. It means coming into a direct personal encounter with the learner, meeting her on a person-to-person basis.
It means that she is being herself, not denying herself. There is another attitude that stands out in those who are successful in facilitating learning… I think of it as prizing the learner, prizing her feelings, her opinions, her person. It is a caring for the learner, but a non-possessive caring.
It is an acceptance of this other individual as a separate person, having worth in her own right. It is a basic trust — a belief that this other person is somehow fundamentally trustworthy… What we are describing is a prizing of the learner as an imperfect human being with many feelings, many potentialities. A further element that establishes a climate for self-initiated experiential learning is emphatic understanding.
This said the spirit and direction of what Rogers says, and the framework that these conditions offer, provides us with a good starting point and orientation to exploring and fostering helping relationships. Does helping involve seeing people in deficit? David Brandon was very alive to this possibility in his exploration of helping relationships. Indeed, he looked at some of the different ways in which helpers can hinder the development and flourishing of those they seek to help.
One common means is through focusing too strongly on institutional and bureaucratic ways of defining the situations and experiences of people. In order to access resources people often have to either define themselves, or be defined as, in deficit or needy.
A current UK example of this is how young people are deemed to be NEET not in employment, education or training so that the agency can get additional funding for the work and meet targets. The labelling and data-sharing involved can quickly work against the interests of the young people involved, invade their right to privacy, and inhibit the creation of the sorts of space and relationships they need to flourish. These concerns led him to be careful when talking of compassion, to distinguish between such caring and pity.