The Kite Runner: Background Context by xavier labrecque on Prezi
The persecution of Hazara people refers to the discrimination of the Hazaras, who are primarily See also: Uprisings of Hazaras and Kuchi– Hazara conflict When a local Pashtun garrison searched the home of a Hazara chieftain for Following the massacre of 3, Taliban prisoners by Abdul Malik. In Afghanistan, a growing uproar over ethnicity — Pashtun, Tajik, their bitter memories of ethnic conflict, of what they stood to lose: “If it the Pashtuns and the smaller Tajik, Hazara and Uzbek populations. . “The Afghan Army and police will not be able to prevent the Taliban from taking over,” he added. The Taliban is a predominantly Pashtun, Islamic fundamentalist group Ethnic minority Tajiks, Uzbeks, and Hazaras in northern Afghanistan.
Persecution of Hazara people
Their Asiatic features and language - a dialect of Persian - set them apart from other Afghans, including the predominant ethnic Pashtun. A history of persecution The Hazaras say they are considered outsiders in their own country and have been persecuted throughout history.
Hazaras were sold as slaves as late as the 19th century. Those living in rural areas were denied public services. Until recent decades, few attended university or held government positions. Yet, despite their growing political clout, many Hazaras continue to feel discriminated against.
Desperate journeys - persecuted Hazara flee Afghanistan Hazara activists say the government does not protect the interests of the Hazaras. Parts of central Afghanistan, like Bamiyan, the unofficial Hazara capital, are among the country's poorest, often lacking basic facilities and electricity. In March, Hazaras held a protest in Kabul against the government's decision to move a proposed power line project out of Bamiyan, arguing that the decision was yet another form of ethnic discrimination.
Hazara Afghans are among the millions of refugees fleeing to Europe in search of a better future. While many Hazaras fled to Shia Iran, those who remained risked violence and even death.
Afghanistan: Who are the Hazaras? | Taliban | Al Jazeera
One of the most brutal events took place in the city of Mazar-i-Sharif inwhen thousands of Hazaras were systematically executed, according to a Human Rights Watch report.
In particular, in the s, during Zahir Shah 's rule, a revolt took place against new taxes that were exclusively imposed on the Hazara. The Kuchi nomads meanwhile not only were exempted from taxes, but also received allowances from the Afghan government. In response, the central government sent a force to subdue the region and later removed the taxes. He was killed by the Taliban in During the Soviet—Afghan Warthe Hazarajat region did not see as much heavy fighting as other regions of Afghanistan.
Afghanistan: Who are the Hazaras?
However, rival Hazara political factions fought. Byafter severe fighting, the secularist groups lost all their power to the Islamists. The Bamiyan Valleythe site of the Buddhas of Bamiyan. As the Soviets withdrew inthe Islamist groups felt the need to broaden their political appeal and turned their focus to Hazara ethnic nationalism.
In with the fall of Kabulthe Harakat-i Islami took sides with Burhanuddin Rabbani 's government while the Hizb-i-Wahdat took sides with the opposition.
The Hizb-i-Wahdat was eventually forced out of Kabul in when the Taliban movement captured and killed their leader Abdul Ali Mazari. With the Taliban's capture of Kabul inall the Hazara groups united with the new Northern Alliance against the common new enemy.
Afghanistan's Hazara minority flexes its political muscles
However, it was too late and despite the fierce resistance Hazarajat fell to the Taliban by The Taliban had Hazarajat totally isolated from the rest of the world going as far as not allowing the United Nations to deliver food to the provinces of BamiyanGhorWardakand Daykundi.
Sultan Ali Kishtmanda Hazara, served as prime minister of Afghanistan from — with one brief interruption in Particularly after their capture of Mazar-i-Sharif inwhere after a massive killing of some 8, civilians, the Taliban openly declared that the Hazara would be targeted.
Many Hazara have become leaders in today's[ when?Karzai is Pashtunist; "We Hazaras Don't Wanna See Pashtuns in Power!! Our Slogan"
Since ousting the Taliban in latebillions of dollars have poured into Afghanistan for reconstruction and several large-scale reconstruction projects took place in Afghanistan from August For example, there have been more than kilometers of road pavement completed across Afghanistan, of which little was done in central Afghanistan Hazarajat.
On the other hand, the Band-e Amir in the Bamyan Province became the first national park of Afghanistan.
The road from Kabul to Bamyan was also built, along with new police stations, government institutions, hospitals, and schools in the Bamyan ProvinceDaykundi Provinceand the others. The first ski resort of Afghanistan was also established in Bamyan Province.
It is believed that allowing the Kuchis to use some of the grazing land in Hazarajat began during the rule of Abdur Rahman Khan. In some Kuchi nomads entered into parts of Hazarajat to graze their livestock, and when the local Hazara resisted, a clash took place and several people on both sides died using assault rifles.