Shiva Purana | Revolvy
[Essence of BrahmaVaivarta] Shiva Kavacha and Shiva Mantra Raja Swadhaakara or the Emblem of all the deeds in connection with worship to Pitru Devatas. You lie comfortably on the Sesha Naga's Unique Body as your Bed. the Raja. playing instrumental music and songs / hymns in commendation of Srihari. Shiva realized the thought behind Shakthi's request and finally he gave his assent. “Sesha”, he taunted, “how can you, who is afraid of Garuda, be the perfect .. “The marriage was over and the divine couple had retired to their are bestowed with the ability to compose beautiful poems and Kavyas. Shiva Stuthi, Narayana Pandithacharya Virachita, sphuṭaṃ sphaṭikasaprabhaṃ .. Explain the relationships existing among the many creations of God.
Shrines The shrines for the original Shivalingam worshipped by the saints Patanjali and Vyagrapathar — called the Thiru Aadhimoolanathar and his consort Umaiyammai Tamil: The shrine of the 63 nayanars of Lord Shiva — called the Arubaththu moovar. Shrine of Muruga or Pandiya nayakan There are also several smaller shrines in the temple complex.
Sivaganga Govindaraja Swamy Shrine The Govindaraja shrine  is dedicated to Vishnu and is one of the holy temples of Lord Vishnu called divyadesamrevered by the 7th-9th-century saint poets of vaishnava those worshipping Lord Vishnu tradition, alwars. Kulashekara alwar mentions this temple as Tillai Chitrakutam and equates Chitrakuta of Ramayana fame with this shrine.
Due to poor maintenance, it has not been in use. This car, on which Lord Nataraja descends twice a year, is drawn by several thousand devotees during the festivals. They move into the Thillai forest and worship Lord Shiva in the form of lingam, a deity worshipped today as Thirumoolataneswarar Thiru - sri, Moolatanam - primordial or in the nature of a foundation, Eswarar- the Lord.
Legends say that Lord Shiva displayed his dance of bliss the Aananda Thaandavam - as Nataraja to these two saints on the day of the poosam star in the Tamil month of Thai January — February.
The drum in His hand signifies the origin of life forms. His right earring makara kundalam and left earring sthri kundalam signify the union of man and woman right is man, left is woman.
The crescent moon in His hair signifies benevolence and beauty. The dreading of His hair and drape signify the force of His dance. Nataraja's head forms the topmost point of the star, while His spreading hair and right hand form the upper side points.
His drape and raised left leg form the lower points, and His right leg that rests on the demon Myalagga forms the lowest point. Surrounding this is the arc of fire. Religious significance of the temple Pancha Bhoota Stalam Sanskrit: The five elements are believed to be enshrined in the five lingams  and each of the lingams representing Lord Shiva in the temple have five different names based on the elements they represent.
In the temple, Shiva is said to have manifested himself in the form of sky.
Kshetra Puranas and Other stories | Legends, Myths and Rituals Galore
Nataraja temple is called the Anthaga stalam  associated with Anthagam - the third eye. Sundarar commences his Thiruthondar thogai the sacred list of Lord Shiva's 63 devotees paying his respects to the priests of the Thillai temple - "To the devotees of the priests at Thillai, I am a devotee". The works of the first three saints, Thirumurai were stored in palm leaf manuscripts in the temple and were recovered by the Chola King Rajaraja Chola  under the guidance of Nambiandarnambi.
Manikkavasagarthe 10th century saivite poet has written two works, the first called Tiruvasakam The sacred utterances which largely has been sung in Chidambaram and the Thiruchitrambalakkovaiyar aka Thirukovaiyarwhich has been sung entirely in the temple. Manikkavasagar is said to have attained spiritual bliss at Chidambaram.
The Chidambaram Mahatmiyam composed during the 12th century explain the subsequent evolution and de-sanskritization. The Lord is said to continuously dance in a state of eternal bliss "Aananda thaandava", with His consort Shakti or energy called Sivagami.
The curtain is dark on its exterior side indicating ignorance and bright red on the interior side indicating wisdom and bliss.
Chidambara Rahasya - represented by strands of gold Vilva leaves. The Chidambara Rahasya, is hence representative of that time when one, in total surrender, allows God to intervene and remove our ignorance, even as we get to 'see and experience' His presence and hence - bliss.
Temple administration and daily rituals Worship Forms A unique feature of this temple is the bejeweled image of Lord Nataraja as the main deity. It depicts Lord Shiva as the master of Koothu - Bharata Natyam and is one of the few temples where Lord Shiva is represented by an anthropomorphic murthi rather than the classic, anionic Lingam.
At Chidambaram, the dancer dominates, not the linga as in other Shiva shrines. The Chitsabha houses a small sphatika crystal linga Chandramoulisvarabelieved to be a piece that fell from the crescent adorning Lord Shiva's head and installed by Adi Shankara. The linga is associated with the intangible fifth element, akasha ether or space the eternal infinite expanse where the dance of Lord Shiva takes place daily puja is offered to the linga and also to a small gem-carved figure of Ratnasabhapati.
Chidambaram offers a combination of the three apects of Shaiva worship - of the form Lord Natarajaof the form and the formlessness linga and of the formless omnipresence. The last is suggested by a "Chidambara rahasya", a chakra inscribed on a wall and blackened by applying "punugu" civet and over which hangs a string of golden bilva bael leaves. This can be viewed through the square chinks when the priest draws aside the dark "curtain of ignorance". Kailasby Patanjalispecifically for the performance of the daily rituals and maintenance of the Chidambaram temple.
Dikshitars The Dikshithars were supposed to be were called Tillai Muvayiram. Today they number around These Dikshithars follow the Vedic ritualsunlike the Sivachariyars or Adhisaivars who follow the agamic rituals for the worship of Shiva and they sport a specific lopsided-to-the-left half shaved head. Every married male member of the Dikshithar family gets a turn to perform the rituals at the temple and can serve as the chief priest for the day.
Married Dikshithars are also entitled a share of the temple's revenue. Daily Rituals The day begins with the chief priest of the day, performing required rituals to purify himself and assume the Shivoham bhava Shiva-hoodafter which he enters the temple to do the daily rituals. The day begins with Lord Shiva's footwear padukas brought at 7: The priest then performs the daily rituals with a yajna and a 'Gopujai' worship of a cow and her calf.
Worship Puja is done 6 times in a day.
Shiva Sutras | Revolvy
Before each puja, the spadika linga crystal linga or the semi form state of Lord Shiva is anointed with ghee, milk, curds, rice, sandal paste and holy ash.
This is followed by presenting the naivedhyam or offering of freshly prepared food and sweets to the deity and the diparaadhana, a ritual of showing varied and decoratively set lamps, the reciting of Vedas in Sanskrit and the Panchapuranam a set of 5 poems from a set of 12 works in Tamil — called the panniru thirumurai.
The puja ends with the priest parting the curtains of the sanctum sanctorum to reveal the Chidambara Rahasyam sanctum. Before the 2nd puja, apart from the regular anointing of the crystal linga, a ruby Nataraja deity the Rathinasabhapathy is also anointed. The 3rd puja is at around The 4th puja is performed at 6. Before the 5th puja at night, the priest performs special rituals at the Chidambara Rahasya, where he anointed the yantra with aromatic substances and offers naivedyam.
The last puja, called the arthajaama puja is performed with special fervor. It is believed that the entire divine force of the universe retires into the deity, when he retires for the night.
Temple Administration The Diskshithars one and fully responsible for the administration and pooja. Dikshithars life and temple tied as the nail and flesh relationship.
Festivals Ratha festival during Natyanjali Festival in the temple A whole year for men is said to be a single day for the gods. Just as six poojas are performed in a day at the sanctum sanctorum, six anointing ceremonies are performed for the principal deity - Nataraja in a year.
They are the Marghazhi Thiruvaadhirai in December - January indicating the first puja, the fourteenth day after the new moon chaturdasi of the month of Masi February - March indicating the second pooja, the Chittirai Thiruvonam in April- Mayindicating the third pooja or uchikalam, the Uthiram of Aani June—July also called the Aani Thirumanjanam indicating the evening or the fourth puja, the chaturdasi of Aavani August - September indicating the fifth puja and the chaturdasi of the month of Puratasi October - November indicating the sixth pooja or Arthajama.
These are conducted as the key festivals with the main deity being brought outside the sanctum sanctorum in a procession that included a temple car procession followed by a long anointing ceremony.
Lord Shiva, in his incarnation of Nataraja, is believed to have born on full moon day in the constellation of Ardra, the sixth lunar mansion. Lord Shiva is bathed only 6 times a year, and on the previous night of Ardra, the bath rituals are performed on a grand scale. Natyanjali is a prominent festival celebrated during February every year when Bharatnatyam dancers from all over the country converge to present dance offering to Nataraja.
A powerful legacy of Dravidian art, its structures and sculptures have attracted pilgrims to Chidambaram for over two millennium.
The birthplace of Nataraja when Shaivite worship was highly popular during the Sangam periodChidambaram had gained a reputation for holiness across the continent by the third century CE and the admiration of the Tamilakkam royals of the early CholasChera dynasty and the early Pandyan Kingdom.
Built by the early Cholas to one of their family deities - Nataraja-Koothan - it served as the king and queen's state temple and seat of their monarchs' coronations. The Chola royals underlined their non-partisan approach to religious iconography and faith by also patronizing the Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple dedicated to Vishnu - their other Kuladheivam or "abode of family deity".
He expanded the shrine in his later life and added to unfinished decorations. He changed his name to Hiranyavarman or "golden bodied. The sthala puranam as well as umapathi sivacharya's koyil puranam give an account of how an ancient chola prince of kritayugam or first of epochal ages. Worshipped The Lord's feet at Chidambaram and being blessed with a vision of His was further helped by saint Vyaghrapada to consecrate a place of worship therewith.
The temple murals and some cholan and pandyan literature refer to this sthala puranam. The chidambaram mahatyam as well as koyil puranam by the same author discuss as to how this prince who was presented with dhataki or atti garland and tiger flag in which Lord Indra would take abode to make him ever victorious was blessed with vision of lord and further attained mukti at this spot. There, the flame reappeared again. The flame continued guiding him to the very depths of the Ganges and there Brahmananda felt a rock touching him gently.
He opened his eyes. Shiny black in colour, glistening with the wetness of water, the stone revealed itself to Brahmananda. And there, twelve feet tall, with an imposing presence stood Kali.
Her beautiful face, the elongated tongue, her hands, her waist were all exquisitely carved on the stone. Every detail was beautiful beyond description except the four toes missing from her right foot. This sight was a tad too much for Brahmananda, who had already reached the heights of his adrenaline level that day, and he swooned on top of the rock. Slowly, carrying the weight of Brahmananda, the rock floated along the Bhagirathi, bobbing gently.
Meanwhile, Andaram was overcome with shock on not finding his guru at the ashram. With anxiety making his heart-beat sound like hammer on anvil, he rushed hither-thither, calling out to his guru but only in vain. At long last he caught sight of his guru floating in the middle of the Ganges on the top of a rock.
Relieved to find him, Andaram waded into the waters and pulled his guru out. A smile that glowed with the knowledge of having realized the meaning of Brahman. He showed Andaram the puddle where he had discovered, or rather where She had made him discover Her four toes.
He then installed the stone statue from the river next to the puddle and built a small hut around it to provide a shade residence for the Mother. Andaram was still surprised at the whole incident. He was happy beyond belief that the goddess had chosen his guru and himself to be the first people to have her darshan but he was still struggling to figure out why Devi had chosen this place to manifest herself. Brahmananda once again smiled at his pupil. They play their games their own cunning ways but finally it is all for the good of the people like you and me.
Blessed with immense riches, respect and law-abiding citizens, Himavan and his queen Maina had but one wish — that they have a child on whom they can lavish their love and riches alike. Every temple they visited, every yagna they performed and every time they played host to a rishi, they had but the same prayer.
Pleased with their prayers, the gods smiled on the royal couple. Nine months later she gave birth to a beautiful baby girl. Being the daughter of Parvatharajan the king of the Mountainsshe was named Parvathi. Realising this, a number of rishis and sanyasis set up their ashramas on the green slopes of the Himalayas so that they could constantly see and worship Uma, who roamed the forests with her royal friends.
Himavan welcomed him with all due respects and offered him many priceless gifts. She is indeed very gifted and unique. She will be praised as Bhavani, Uma, Lalitha and so on.
Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram
Her planetary positions could not have been more exalted. She is nothing short of divine. But still she too has a dosha. What is the parikara that is to be done to get rid of it?
I will not tolerate any dosha that causes pain to my daughter. But still here it is. In spite of all her good qualities and beauty, she will marry a man who is nowhere a match. He will not have a Rishi to trace back his roots to, neither will he have a mother nor a father. He will be gifted with no good gunas but neither will he have any negative qualities.
As and when he wishes, he will smear his body with ash from the cemetery and dance ferociously in the graveyards. He will ride on a bull and will sport a garland of skulls around his neck. Maina fainted at the very thought. Slowly, looking much older than he did a few minutes ago, Himavan approached Narada.
Ask your daughter to undergo penance unto the lord of Kailaya. He then ordered Parvathi to go into the forests and perform tapas to gain the grace of Shiva. Parvathi at once obeyed her father and left home.
For the first thousand years, she ate the fruits that grew in the forest. For the next thousand years she drank water alone and lived on it. For the next thousand years, she took in nothing but air and based her survival on it. Her skin, which had once glowed with the softness of the moon, had now become black and wrinkled.
Your penance has been answered. The time has come for your groom to come in search of you. Himavan too was thrilled beyond words. But what a strange sight met Maina who had come to welcome the bridegroom at the gates of the kingdom with her arathi plate. Snakes played delightfully on his body which was freshly smeared with ash from the graves. And as if this pair was not weird enough, there were more people behind, all dressed in various states from priceless ornaments and colourful silks to human teeth necklaces and tree-bark coverings.
Some of them had two heads, some had none. Some had one arm while some had ten. Further, each was riding on an animal that ranged from donkeys and dogs to pigs and rams. Soon the people of Himachal had penetrated the ranks of devas and ganas freely mingling with them, giggling and laughing.
The skulls are your garlands; a bull is your seat, Is this how you come to sweep our princess of her feet? But of course the rest of the groom-side saw no reason to take this jibe lightly. One day Parvathi had Shiva to herself, without the constant presence of his loyal attendants around him.
The mother decided to move her pawn and she broached the topic with the bluntness of a broken pencil. Were you enjoying it too? You are black, you are white and you are red too.
- Shiva Purana
Until there comes a time when this black complexion goes away and you yourself call me Gauri the fair oneI am going away from Kailash to once again undergo tapas, and that too fixing my mind on you.
She has come here to prove that this sthala is a powerful shakthi peetha where the toes of Sati had fallen. Birth and death are natural occurences, Andaram, and so is rebirth. This Kali here is a perfect example of the concept of rebirth. She has manifested herself where her toes had fallen in her previous birth, to teach us that she is beyond this mundane cycle of life and death.