Poseidon * The Immortals * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant
Cyclopes are the only beasts of the first creation that are not punished by Zeus when he overthrows his father, Cronus. This may have. and find homework help for other The Odyssey questions at eNotes. end of the chapter that he is the son of Poseidon, and he calls on the sea god to punish love for Zeus and the other gods, Polyphemus at least relies on the relationship. Poseidon is the son of Kronos (Cronos) and Rheia, brother of Zeus, Hades, Hestia, Polyphemos was a Cyclops, one of the 'wheel-eyed' giants who assisted.
Cyclopes | Cyclops
He's going to sink my guts in his! My mind pictured the moment when I'd seen two friends time after time dashed to the ground, and he, like a hairy lion bending over them, guzzled their flesh and guts and marrow-bones, still half-alive. I shuddered as I stood blood-drained in horror, watching as he chewed the filthy feast and retched it back again, belching great bloody gobbets mixed with wine.
That was the fate I fancied was in store for me, poor soul. For many days I hid, starting at every rustle, fearing death and longing too to die, my hunger kept at bay with acorns, leaves and grass. Goold Roman elegy C1st B. Rackham Roman encyclopedia C1st A.
Mozley Roman epic C1st A. Them doth the cruel monarch himself on the rocky verge of a sacrificial ridge, that looms above mid-sea, take and hurl down in offering to his father Neptunus [Poseidon]; but should the men be of finer build, then he bids them take arms and meet him with the gauntlets; that for the hapless men is the fairest doom of death.
I know incantations and binding charms and love spells which Galatea is unlikely to resist even for a short time. He says the Kyklops carries a leather bag and eats herbs. He addresses her as follows: She's hurling one at your sheepdog, and the bitch is looking out to sea and barking--you can see her silhouetted on the clear of the waves as she runs along the edge of the gently sucking sands.
Watch out she doesn't rush at the child's knees, emerging from the water, and claw her fairy flesh! She's casting at you again, look--brittle as the down the torrid glare of summer leaves upon the thistle. You love, she flees; and when you leave loving, follows, staking her all upon a desperate move. How often, Polyphemos, has he made unfair show fair! It did not escape me--no, by my one sweet eye: But I too can use the goad, so I take no notice, and tell her I've another woman now.
Hearing that, she's all consumed with spite, and frenzied spies, form the sea, on my cave and flocks. It was I set on the dog to bark at her, too. In the days of my courting, it used to lay its muzzle against her groin and whine. When she's seen enough of this act of mine, perhaps she'll send a messenger; but I'll bar my door, until she vows in person to make my bed up fairly on this isle.
Certainly I'm not ugly, as they call me; for lately I looked in the sea--there was a calm--and I though my cheeks and my one eye showed up handsome, and my teeth shone back, whiter than Parian marble. But I spat three times into my bosom, as the witch Kotytaris taught me, to turn away evil.
He wooed her, not with apples and roses and lovelocks, but with so fine a frenzy that all beside seemed pointless. Often enough his sheep had to find their own way home to the fold from the green pastures, while he sang of Galatea, sitting alone on the beach amid the sea wrack, languishing from daybreak, with a deadly wound which mighty Kypris Cypris [Aphrodite] dealt him with her arrow, fixing it under his heart.
Nevertheless, he found the cure, and seated high on a rock, looking out to sea, this is how he would sing. How do you walk this way, so soon as sweet sleep laps me, and are gone as soon, whenever sweet sleep leaves me, fleeing like a sheep when she spies the grey wolf coming!
I fell in love with you, maiden, the first time you came, with my mother, eager to cull the bluebells from our hillside: I was your guide. Once seen, I could not forget you, nor to this day can I yet; not that you care: God knows you do not, not a whit! For all my looks, I'd have you know, I graze a thousand sheep, and draw the best milk for myself to drink.
I am never without cheeses, summer or fall: There's not another Kyklops can play the flute as I can, and I sing of you, my peach, always of me and you, till dead of night, quite often. I'm rearing eleven fawns, all with white collars, for you, and four bear cubs. Leave the green sea gulping against the dry shore. You'll do better o' nights with me, in my cave; I've laurels there, and slender cypresses; black ivy growing, and the honey-fruited vine; and the water's fresh that tree-dressed Aitna Etna sends me, a drink divine, distilled from pure white snow.
Who'd choose instead to stay in the salt sea waves? And if my looks repel you, seeming over-shaggy, I've heart of oak within, and under the ash a spark that's never out.
If you will fire me, gladly will I yield my life, or my one eye, the most precious thing I have.
O, why did not my mother bring me to birth with gills! Down I'd dive and kiss you hand--your lips if you'll allow--and bring you white narcissus flowers, or soft poppies, with wide, red petals--not both at the same time for one's, you see, a winter, the other a summer flower. Even so, sweetheart, I've made a start: I'm going to learn to swim, if some stranger comes this way, sailing in a ship, and find out why it is you nymphai like living in the deep. O, won't you come out, Galatea, and coming out forget, as I, as I sit here, forget to go back home!
Only my mother does me wrong, and it's her I blame. She's never said a single word on my behalf to you, for all she sees me growing thin, day after day. I shall tell her that my head and both my feet are throbbing: Where is this mad flight taking you?
You'd surely show more sense if you'd keep at your basket weaving, and go gather the olive shoots and give them to the lambs.
Milk the ewe that's at hand: Perhaps you'll find another Galatea, and more fair. Many a girlie calls me out to play with her by night, and when I do their bidding, don't they giggle gleefully! I too am clearly somebody, and noticed--on dry land! Trypanis Greek poet C3rd B. The Mousai MusesO Phillippos, reduce the swollen wound of love. Surely the poet's skill is sovereign remedy for all ill. Fairbanks Greek rhetorician C3rd A. And the earth has also made a shepherd-folk of them by feeding the blocks, whose milk they regard as both drink and meat.
They know neither assembly nor council nor yet houses, but they inhabit the clefts of the mountain. Not to mention the others, Polyphemos son of Poseidon, the fiercest of them, lives here; he has a single eyebrow extending above his single eye and a broad nose astride his upper lip, and he feeds upon men after the manner of savage lions.
But at the present time he abstains from such food that he may not appear gluttonous or disagreeable; for he loves Galateia, who is sporting here on the sea, and he watches her from the mountain-side.
And though his shepherd's pipe is still under his arm and silent, yet he has a pastoral song to sing that tells how white she is and skittish and sweeter than unripe grapes, and how he is raising for Galateia fawns and bear-cubs.
All this he sings beneath an evergreen oak, heeding not where his flocks are feeding nor their number nor even, any longer, where the earth is.
Odyssey: Father Son Relationship in the Odyssey
He is painted a creature of the mountains, fearful to look at, tossing his hair, which stands erect and is as dense as the foliage of a pine tree, showing a set of jagged teeth in his voracious jaw, shaggy all over--breast and belly and limbs even to the nails. He thinks, because he is in love, that his glance is gentle, but it is wild and stealthy still, like that of wild beasts subdued under the force of necessity. The Nymphe sports on the peaceful sea, driving a team of four dolphins yoked together and working in harmony.
There he wrote his Kyklops, telling the story of what happened to him, and representing Dionysios as Kyklops Cyclopsthe flute-girl as the Nymphe Galateia, and himself as Odysseus.
Wilson Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A. The finest of the caves there was named after the poet Philoxenos, where they say he lived while composing the best of his poems, Kyklops, in utter disregard of the vengeance and punishment imposed by Dionysos. But I whom sea-blue Doris bore, whose father's Nereus, who am safe besides among my school of sisters, I could not foil Cyclops' love except in bitter grief. Scylla wiped the tears with sleek white fingers, comforting the goddess: Do not hide you know you trust me how you were so hurt.
He was sixteen, the down upon his cheek scarce yet a beard, and he was beautiful. He was my love, but I was Cyclops' love, who wooed me endlessly and, if you ask whether my hate for him or my love for Acis was stronger in my heart, I could not tell; for both were equal.
Oh, how powerful kind Venus [Aphrodite], is thy reign! Now lovelorn Polyphemus cared for his looks, cared earnestly to please; now with a rake he combed his matted hair, and with a sickle trimmed his shaggy beard, and studied his fierce features in a pool and practised to compose them. His wild urge to kill, his fierceness and his lust for blood ceased and in safety ships might come and go. Of all the stupid prophets! Someone else has taken it already. Here Cyclops climbed and at the top sat down, his sheep untended trailing after him.
Before him at his feet he laid his staff, a pine, fit for the mainmast of a ship, and took his pipe, made of a hundred reeds. His pastoral whistles rang among the cliffs and over the waves; and I behind a rock, hidden and lying in my Acis' arms, heard far away these words and marked them well. Yet, Galatea, fiercer than wild bulls, harder than ancient oak, falser than waves, tougher than willow wands or branching vines, wilder than torrents, firmer than these rocks, prouder than peacocks, crueller than fire, sharper than briars, deafer than the sea, more savage than a bear guarding her cubs, more pitiless than snakes beneath the heel, and--what above all else I'd wrest from you--swifter in flight than ever hind that flees the baying hounds, yes, swifter than the wind and all the racing breezes of the sky.
Though, if you knew, you would repent your flight, condemn you coyness, strive to hold me fast. Deep in the mountain I have hanging caves of living rock where never summer suns are felt nor winter's cold. Apples I have loading the boughs, and I have golden grapes and purple in my vineyards--all for you. Your hands shall gather luscious strawberries in woodland shade; in autumn you shall pick cherries and plums, not only dusky black, but yellow fat and waxen in the sun, and chestnuts shall be yours, if I am yours, and every tree shall bear its fruit for you.
All this fine flock is mine, and many more roam in the dales or shelter in the woods or in my caves are folded; should you chance to ask how many, that I could not tell: Nor need you trust my praises; here before your eyes you see their legs can scarce support the bulging udders. And I have younger stock, lambs in warm folds, and kids of equal age in other folds, and snowy milk always, some kept to drink and some the rennet curdles into cheese. No easy gifts or commonplace delights shall be your portion--does and goats and hares, a pair of doves, a gull's nest from the cliff.
I found one day among the mountain peaks, for you to play with, twins so much alike you scarce could tell, cubs of a shaggy bear. I found them and I said "She shall have all these; I'll keep them for my mistress for her own. Now, Galatea, raise your glorious head from the blue sea; spurn not my gifts, but come!
For sure I know--I have just seen--myself reflected in a pool, and what I saw was truly pleasing. See how large I am! No bigger body Juppiter [Zeus] himself can boast up in the sky--you always talk of Jove [Zeus] or someone reigning there. My ample hair o'erhangs my grave stern face and like a grove darkens my shoulders; and you must not think me ugly, that my body is so thick with prickly bristles. Trees without their leaves are ugly, and a horse is ugly too without a mane to veil its sorrel neck.
Feathers clothe birds and fleeces grace the sheep: Upon my brow I have one single eye, but it is huge, like some vast shield. He was the god of the sea and widely worshipped by those who traveled on the open water.
He was also the protector of all aquatic features. Thoosa Thoosa, a sea nymph, had an affair with Poseidon and gave birth to Polyphemus. She was known for creating dangerously swift currents in the oceans and was described as being a mermaid -like creature. Instead of legs, she had the tail of a fish but her upper half resembled a human.
Lover and Children Legends say that Polyphemus fell in love with Galatea, a sea nymph. Some indicate that his love for her went unnoticed, while others say that his courtship was successful. Again, sources are a bit contradictory but it is said that Polyphemus and Galatea had a son named Galatos. Others say that they had three children, Galas, Celtus and Illyruis.
All sources say that from their offspring, the Celts descended. Because she did not really love the giant, she has an affair with Acis. Polyphemus catches them and crushes Acis with a rock in a fit of rage. Appearance According to artistic depictions of Polyphemus, he was a giant and a cyclops. He towered over mortals and while he had two eye sockets like man, they were empty. He then had a single eye in the center of his forehead.
Most depictions of him show him as a terrifying monster. In some pictures, he is chasing his human prey while other show him eating them.
The monster was blinded as his eye was boiled in the socket. Odysseus made his escape but, in his pride, he turned and taunted Polyphemos with cruel insults. Poseidon caused Odysseus and his family constant misery but he did not kill the haggard wanderer, he just kept driving him away from his home and thus, his happiness.
On one occasion, Odyssey, book 5, line Poseidon found the resourceful Odysseus on a raft within sight of land. He waited until the raft sank below the crashing waves before he accepted the goddesses help and began the three day swim to the foreign shore. Satisfied that harm but no death had befallen our cursed hero, Poseidon turned away from the long-suffering Odysseus and made his way to his palace.
Poseidon is most often confused with the Roman god, Neptune. Poseidon in The Iliad listed by book and line Akhilleus Achilles reminds his mother, Thetis, of the time she summoned Briareos Briareus to free Zeus from the shackles which Hera, Athene Athena and Poseidon had put on him Agamemnon appeared to have the eyes and head of Zeus, the girth of Ares and the chest of Poseidon Onkhestos Onchestusthe shining grove of Poseidon Poseidon complains to Zeus that the Akhaians Achaeans have built a defensive ditch and wall and not given a proper sacrifice to the gods Poseidon complains to Zeus that the wall which he and Phoibos Apollon built for Laomedon will be forgotten but the wall the Akhaians Achaeans have recently built will be remembered Zeus tells Poseidon not to doubt his enduring fame and that he can eventually destroy the wall the Akhaians Achaeans have recently built Hera urges Poseidon to defy Zeus and assist the Danaans Poseidon tells Hera that they should not defy Zeus because he is the strongest of the Olympians Angry at Agamemnon, Akhilleus Achilles says that he will sail to the Hellespont if the Shaker of the Earth grants him favor Nestor remembers the war with the Epeians and how he sacrificed a bull to the river Alpheios Alpheiusa bull to Poseidon and a cow to Gray-eyed Athene Athena Apollon and Poseidon take counsel to destroy the wall and ditch that the Danaans had built to keep the Trojans away from the ships Zeus, Apollon and Poseidon combined their powers to destroy the wall the Akhaians Achaeans had built Poseidon and Apollon watch as the Trojans continue their attack against the wall and ditch which protects the ships of the Danaans Poseidon sat atop the highest point on Samos and sadly watched the battle for Troy Poseidon strides towards Aigai with the countryside trembling under his footsteps Poseidon harnessed his horses to his chariot and rode across the waves towards Troy Poseidon leaves his horses in an underwater cave between the islands of Tenedos and Imbros and scatters ambrosia for them to eat Poseidon goes to the ships of the Akhaians Achaeans Poseidon rises from the sea to rouse the Akhaians Achaeans in the guise of a man named Kalkhas Calchas In the guise of a man named Kalkhas CalchasPoseidon speaks to the Aiantes, i.
Poseidon strikes the Aiantes, i.
Cyclops - Wikipedia
Telamonian Aias and Lesser Aias, with his staff and fills them with power and valor Poseidon flies away from the camp of the Akhaians Achaeans like a hawk Poseidon left the Aiantes, i.
Telamonian Aias and Lesser Aias As the Aiantes, i. The Akhaians Achaeans were in tears because the Trojans fought with such fury but Poseidon gave them new strength