Old Frenemies: A Timeline of US-Philippine Relations – Foreign Policy
Jul 17, U.S.-PHILIPPINES RELATIONS. The United States recognized the Philippines as an independent state and established diplomatic relations. Sep 29, The United States and the Philippines are allies. But in the last year their relationship has been tested. NPR's Mary Louise Kelly talks with. Precisely because the "special relationship" between the United States and the Philippines has been lengthy and intimate, it sometimes has resembled a family.
The truth is that relations between the Philippines and the US have always been both close and distant, affectionate and troubled, special and yet not as special as American relations with other countries like its former enemy, Japan.
But it is a relationship that will last because it is mutually beneficial. This is the pragmatic reality of Philippine-US relations on a government-to-government basis. But it is different from the genuinely special relationship between the two countries on a people-to-people basis. In the latter respect, the special relationship was established over a century ago when the Philippines became a colony of America. It was forged on the blazing anvil of battle during World War II and the blood-drenched fields of Corregidor and Bataan.
This relationship saw America setting up the Philippine civil service, teachers aboard the USS Thomas the Thomasites realigning the Philippine educational system away from Spain and towards the new colonizers, and Filipino pensionados being dispatched for special studies in the US in preparation for the Commonwealth and, thence, independence. There are still many Philippine nationalists who cannot forget that over a quarter of a million Filipino lives were lost in the colonization and pacification of the country at the turn of the last century, and that the granting of independence to the Philippines had military and economic strings attached.
This has rankled and was one of the reasons why the observance of Philippine Independence Day was moved from July 4th, granted by the US, to June 12th, the date of Gen. Typical of the Pinoy character a combination of childlike naivete and a capacity for unending loyaltyFilipinos expect the same attitude from Americans -- a paternalistic attitude or, at least, the attitude of a big brother towards a younger sibling.The Philippines and USA rekindle alliance
The book, Little Brown Brother, by Leon Wolff, takes a more pragmatic view of this attitude and the expectation of special treatment for the Philippines by the US -- an expectation that puzzles ordinary American and officials in Washington DC. America was born out of a desire of the colonists, the pioneers and the frontiersmen for independence from Great Britain. Americans are raised from childhood to be self-reliant. They are trained to believe that there is no such thing as a free lunch.
Obama had been set for a showdown with firebrand Duterte. The pair were scheduled to meet in Laos at a gathering organised by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, an annual event meant to foster harmony that often instead highlights regional rows.
However, shortly before flying to the capital Vientiane, Duterte launched a tirade at Obama. The focus was meant to be on the surprising spat between the two longtime allies that have seen relations plunge under a barrage of foul-mouthed insults from Duterte since he came to office on June Duterte had previously also branded the US ambassador to Manila a "son of a whore" -- a term the acid-tongued former prosecutor commonly uses -- and criticised the US over its own track record of police killings.
Duterte told reporters 11 September Further evidence of Duterte's approach came in an address to civil servants 12 September as the president called for US military advisers to be withdrawn from Southern Mindanao where Philippine troops had been battling Muslim insurgents. US special forces had been in the region to help with countererrorism operations since We might as well give up. During the speech, Duterte held aloft photos and accounts of US troops who in were accused of atrocities against Muslims during a rebellion against American rule.
The photos showed the US soldiers with dead Moro rebels and civilians killed in Jolo in during the Filipino-American war. Initially there were no signs that Duterte was interested in scuttling the broader US-Philippines defense agreement. On September 9, the American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines voiced "growing concern over developments that could harm the long-standing optimism of American business to invest in the Philippines.
In addition, traditionally excellent bilateral relations between the United States and the Philippines have recently been strained by language from Philippine leaders.
Although statements of regret soon followed, such words and their international policy also create investor concern.
Duterte blamed the US for the restiveness of Muslim militants in the region, marking the first time he has publicly opposed the presence of American troops in the country. Duterte did not set any deadline or say how the withdrawal would proceed, but said the Americans were high-value targets for the Islamic State-linked Abu Sayyaf as counterinsurgency operations intensify.
Ruminations on US-Philippine relations | BusinessWorld
I do not want a rift with America, but they have to go It will just get more tense. If they [Muslim militants] see Americans there, they will really kill them.
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They will try to get ransom, then kill them," he said. The State Department characterized Duterte's comments as "unhelpful. Duterte said 28 September that a joint military exercise scheduled for early October between his country and the United States would be the last between the two countries. Duterte said the Philippines will honor its existing security treaties, but will not take part in any South China Sea patrols with the United States, in order to avoid getting dragged into any conflict between Washington and Beijing.
I will maintain the military alliance because there is the R. I would serve notice Philippine Defense Minister Delfin Lorenzana said 07 October that the president intends to halt the 28 military exercises carried out by the two countries every year. Duterte has said that the current joint exercise will be the last during his six-year presidency.
Ruminations on US-Philippine relations
The defense minister also announced that the Philippines would expel the US troops monitoring surveillance drones against Islamic militants as soon as the country had acquired similar intelligence-gathering capabilities. Denouncing the neo-colonial nature of US-Philippine bilateral relations, people's movements representing Indigenous and national minorities flooded the streets of Manila on 21 Octoberburning U.
The human rights organization Karapatan noted that " Speaking from his home city of Davao, Duterte told reporters that a full separation was unfeasible.
Duterte then tried to reframe his earlier speech, explaining that the Philippines was not seeking to sever ties, but to pursue its own independent policies.
U.S. Department of State
What he would give, the cue, that we are there, we are there, we follow. The Philippines foreign affairs secretary attempted to clarify his country's relationship with the United States.
While calling the United States the "closest friend" of the Philippines, foreign affairs secretary Perfecto Yasay said that the country must separate from its "former colonial master" in order to advance its growth and international relations. And yet, separation from our former colonial master is demanded in pursuing our independent foreign policy.
It implies breaking away from the debilitating mindset of dependency and subservience - economically and militarily - that have perpetuated our "little brown brother" image to America, which has stunted our growth and advancement. The Philippine economy is far more intertwined with the US than with China. The US accounts for a third of the billions of dollars in remittances transferred to the country by the Filipino diaspora.
The US is also a much bigger source of foreign investment in the Philippines than China.