Major and minor - Wikipedia
Try to move in this key, first follow the chords. . learn which melody-bass note intervals (including other note intervals) at specific times, places. In Western music, the adjectives major and minor can describe a musical composition, movement, section, scale, key, chord, or interval. Minor keys; Relative major and minors; Relation to musical 'mode'. 3 Scales and chords. How Does it Feel to Move Clockwise Round the Harmonic Scale? For all of these reasons, the harmonic interval (chord change or chord . Similarly, the scale relationship of the note G in the C major chord (the chord being left behind) .
Diatonic and chromatic
Otherwise it's hard for the listener's ear to keep up. For example, say you're playing the A-D-E chord progression you mentioned. C is the third of the A chord, and D is the root of the D chord obviously. So a melody that plays the C and then the D is employing voice leading.
Diatonic and chromatic - Wikipedia
Choosing Chords So you have the opposite challenge: As before, there's no one right way to go about this, but again, here are some guidelines: Identify the notes in the melody that feel more stable as opposed to those that feel as though they have momentum and movement and use those to help inform your chord choices.
Identify the few notes with the most drama. These probably shouldn't be chord tones, but might resolve to chord tones. Chord progressions have their own momentum and stability.
I chords are stable; V chords have momentum. You resolve a V or V7 chord to its corresponding I chord. Unless you absolutely know what you're doing, make sure your V chords resolve or the song will leave your listeners feeling unsettled. Perhaps the most basic chromatic alteration in simple folk songs is the use of the sharpened fourth scale degree. In a song in C Major, the diatonic fourth scale degree is F. Sharpening this fourth degree by one semitone gives F. Thus with the Fthe ii chord normally the notes D, F and A becomes the notes D, FA a D Major chord; the technical term for this chord is a secondary dominant these notes are also selected from the original scale the harmony remains diatonic.
If new chromatic intervals are introduced then a change of scale or modulation occurs, which may bring the sense of a change of tonal center commonly called moving to a new key.
This in turn may lead to a resolution back to the original key, so that the entire sequence of chords helps create an extended musical form and a sense of movement and interest for the listener.
Although all this allows for a large number of possible progressions depending upon the length of the progressionin practice, progressions are often limited to a few bars' length and certain progressions are favored above others: Minor chords are signified by lower case Roman, so that D minor in the key of C would be written ii. Other forms of chord notation have been devised, from figured bass to the chord chart.
These usually allow or even require a certain amount of improvisation.
Chord progression - Wikipedia
Simple progressions[ edit ] Diatonic scales such as the major and minor scales lend themselves particularly well to the construction of common chords because they contain a large number of perfect fifths.
Such scales predominate in those regions where harmony is an essential part of music, as, for example, in the common practice period of western classical music. In considering Arab and Indian music, where diatonic scales are used, there are also available a number of non-diatonic scales, the music has no chord changes, remaining always upon the key-chord, an attribute which has also been observed in hard rockhip hop funkdisco jazzetc.
Alternation between two chords may be thought of as the most basic chord progression. Many well-known pieces are built harmonically upon the mere repetition of two chords of the same scale. They are often presented as successions of four chords, in order to produce a binary harmonic rhythm, but two of the four chords are then the same.
Often the chords may be selected to fit a pre-conceived melodybut just as often it is the progression itself that gives rise to the melody. Common in Elizabethan music Scholesthis also underpins the American college song "Goodnight Ladies",[ citation needed ] is the exclusive progression used in Kwela.