Knapp and vangelisti relationship development definition

Knapp's relational development model - Wikipedia

knapp and vangelisti relationship development definition

relational development as originally conceptualized by Knapp (). Knapp's Initiating is defined as the first interaction between two individuals. or civil union) bonding stage of Knapp's model (Knapp & Vangelisti, ). Despite the. Relationship Development. Knapp's Relationship Escalation Model. Step #1: Initiation. Very short (Sometimes just seconds); Want to make favorable first. Here's a model of stages of a relationship as defined by M.L. Knapp.

Knapp's relational development model

Social penetration theory was not established during the previous stages. A common solution to differentiating is for each partner to give the other some space, though extreme differentiating can lead to a damaged relationship.

knapp and vangelisti relationship development definition

Communication is limited to safe topics. This stage is marked by less total communication in terms of number of interactions, depth and breadth of topics discussed, and communication occurs in shorter durations. Expressions of love and commitment also decrease. Communication in this stage sees partners saying very little because they "know" how the other person will respond.

Individuals will engage in imagined interactions to predict a conversation with their partner.

knapp and vangelisti relationship development definition

At this stage, there is still some hope that the relationship can be revived. However, in many cases there are too many costs accumulating and, therefore, most do not stay at this stage for long. A key reason why individuals stay in this stage is to avoid the pain associated with terminating the relationship.

When actual avoidance cannot take place, however, partners will simply avoid each other while they're together, treating the other as if they didn't exist. Essentially, the individuals in the relationship become separate from one another physically, emotionally, and mentally. When there is communication, it is often marked by antagonism or unfriendliness "I just don't want to see or talk to you".

Different forms of distancing are also common at this stage: No longer are they both receiving a mutually satisfying outcome from being with one another. Neither one of them is happy and the relationship must come to an end.

Knapp's Relationship Model

In this model, this step is unavoidable and relationships can terminate at any time. Termination can occur due to physical separation, growing socially or psychologically apart, or the death of one of the partners. Communication in this stage is marked by distance an attempt to put psychological and physical barriers between partners and disassociation messages that prepare one or both parties for their life without the other.

Movement is generally systematic and sequential.

knapp and vangelisti relationship development definition

This does not suggest that the process is linear or unchangeable; the phenomena is never at rest and is continually in flux. People do generally follow the same pattern, however. Each stage contains important presuppositions for the next. Sequencing makes forecasting adjacent stages easier.

Skipping steps is risky due to potentially losing information that would have been provided in the skipped step. Movement may be forward. This can cause conflict, for example where both claim the same resource as their own. Such argument only serves to push them apart faster. Knowing this, they may avoid argument, but the differences still exist and work on the individual psyches.

knapp and vangelisti relationship development definition

In business, there may be issues of quality and whether what is being delivered is that which is really needed. Conflict may cause recourse to contract details.

  • Knapp's Relational Development Model
  • Knapp’s Relationship Model

Stagnation A stagnant relationship has reached the stage where separation is complete in many ways, yet the relationship persists, perhaps through apathy, convenience or other lack of need to completely separate. In families, couples may stay together for the children even though their relationship has reached rock bottom.

If tensions continue, it can be a difficult question as to whether separation is best or worst for the children. In business, a stagnant relationship can lead to one or both parties receiving significantly less value than they once got from the relationship. Avoidance At some point the people see each other less and less, often deliberately avoiding contact. If they live together, one may go out whilst the other is in.

If they work together, they may move jobs or otherwise ignore each other. In avoiding one another, one of the first things to go is eye contact which may have faded long ago anyway.

Even when in the same room, they will try not to look at one another. Avoidance also happens in business, where people see sorting out of a troublesome relationship or supplier as not in their current remit and so focus first on the issues that affect their key performance indicators.

Knapp's Relational Development Model

Circumscribing — After differentiating partners will limit their conversations and will set up boundaries in their communication.

Often people will never communicate the topic fearing an argument.

knapp and vangelisti relationship development definition

They will have their own personal space and activities. The boy does the same. Example 2 — In business, the issues regarding the quality might arise due to the communication gap and the conflicts can lead to alternative contract units. Stagnation — The relationship will decline even more if it reaches the stagnation stage. The communication will be more limited.

Mostly the relationships in this stage will not continue or improve. Example 1 — As the girl found that there is not much to talk about in general and will remain silent even though they live in the same house. So there is a serious communication gap between the girl and the boy.


Example 2 — In business relationships, there will be a communication gap when one party or both the partners feel neglected or when they felt insignificant.

Avoidance — At this stage, the partners intentionally avoid any contacts and they will be physically detached. They restrict themselves from any forms of communication to avoid a conversation or an argument. Example 1 — One day the boy packs his bags and walks out of the house. By the time the girl would have completely avoided the boy and will not attempt to stop him. Example 2 — The stagnation stage will result in both partners to avoid each other as it affects their fundamental functioning.

Terminating — This is the final stage of coming apart. The relationship completely terminates. The partners will take different paths and will go on with their lives. The termination is not just a subjective decision as a divorce but it can occur naturally when the people who were living next door move out or when roommates change as the year ends.