Mikhail Gorbachev: I was too soft on Yeltsin | World news | The Guardian
The United States gave Yeltsin's administration plenty of advice While in office, Gorbachev had an extraordinarily warm relationship with. Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from to Originally a supporter of Mikhail Gorbachev, Yeltsin emerged under the In the foreign policy Yeltsin offered cooperative and conciliatory relations, particularly with the Group of Seven. Communist hardliners staged a coup against Mikhail Gorbachev 20 years ago, has collapsed," Russian leader Boris Yeltsin said of the unfolding event. and the myths surrounding the 80 year old, his relationship to former.
There was his Crimean vacation in — in retrospect a bad time to go on holiday. There was the sense of change sweeping the Soviet Union, which he should have anticipated. And then there was his nemesis, Boris Yeltsin, who should have been sidelined with some kind of diplomatic posting — London perhaps.
I should have sent him as ambassador to Great Britain or maybe a former British colony," Gorbachev told the Guardian in a wide-ranging interview marking the 20th anniversary of the coup that ultimately ended his six-year stint as Soviet leader.
The Gorbachev Files: Secret Papers Reveal Truth Behind Soviet Collapse - SPIEGEL ONLINE
If the idea of Yeltsin as a diplomat hosting soirees at Kensington Palace Gardens seems far-fetched, Gorbachev's assessment of what went wrong 20 years ago — and what has gone wrong since — is more realistic. The last Soviet president is frank about what he got wrong and even franker about the course Russia should be taking now. Vladimir Putinthe prime minister, is blocking Russia's progress towards becoming a modernised democracy, says Gorbachev, adding, ahead of elections next year, that the current president, Dmitry Medvedev, would be a better leader for the country.
He thinks we should stick with the status quo.
But we say 'No, if you want to keep the status quo, then why are you talking about modernisation? Of course, now the issue is that we are facing a tide of social problems that will define the country's future, education, healthcare and other things.
If we are not able to address those problems successfully, there will be no modernisation in Russia. We need a different programme from Putin's. Fromhe worked in Sverdlovsk, and was promoted from construction site superintendent to chief of the Construction Directorate with the Yuzhgorstroy Trust.
Mikhail Gorbachev: I was too soft on Yeltsin
Inhe became chief engineer, and inhead of the Sverdlovsk House-Building Combine, responsible for sewerage and technical plumbing. Inhe became secretary of the regional committee in charge of the region's industrial development. Inas a party official in SverdlovskYeltsin was ordered by Moscow to destroy the Ipatiev House where the last Russian tsar and his family had been killed by Bolshevik troops. The Ipatiev House was demolished in one night on 27 July In January Yeltsin was awarded the Order of Leninthe Soviet Union's highest medal, for "the service to the Communist Party and the Soviet State and in connection with the 50th birthday".
Gorbachev's primary goal was to revive the Soviet economy ; however, he came to believe that fixing the Soviet economy would be nearly impossible without reforming the political and social structure of the USSR. As a politburo member, Yeltsin was also given a country house dacha which was previously occupied by Gorbachev, who now moved to a much bigger and more luxurious purpose-built dacha nearby.
During this period, Yeltsin portrayed himself as a reformer and a populist for example, he took a trolleybus to workfiring and reshuffling his staff several times. He became popular among Moscow residents for firing corrupt Moscow party officials.
The Gorbachev Files: Secret Papers Reveal Truth Behind Soviet Collapse
Resignation[ edit ] On 10 Septemberafter a lecture from hard-liner Yegor Ligachev at the Politburo for allowing two small unsanctioned demonstrations on Moscow streets, Yeltsin wrote a letter of resignation to Gorbachev who was holidaying on the Black Sea.
Gorbachev phoned Yeltsin and asked him to reconsider.
On 27 October at the plenary meeting of the Central Committee of the CPSUYeltsin, frustrated that Gorbachev had not addressed any of the issues outlined in his resignation letter asked to speak. He expressed his discontent with both the slow pace of reform in society, the servility shown to the general secretary, and opposition to him from Ligachev making his position untenable, before requesting to resign from the Politburo, adding that the City Committee would decide whether he should resign from the post of First Secretary of the Moscow Communist Party.
Nobody in the Central Committee backed Yeltsin.
Mikhail Gorbachev: The man who lost an empire - BBC News
Soon fabricated samizdat versions began to circulate — this was the beginning of Yeltsin's rise as a rebel and growth in popularity as an anti-establishment figure. On 9 NovemberYeltsin apparently tried to kill himself and was rushed to hospital bleeding profusely from self-inflicted cuts to his chest.
Gorbachev ordered the injured Yeltsin from his hospital bed to the Moscow party plenum two days later where he was ritually denounced by the party faithful in what was reminiscent of a Stalinist show trial before he was fired from the post of First Secretary of the Moscow Communist Party. Yeltsin said he would never forgive Gorbachev for this "immoral and inhuman" treatment.
At the next meeting of the Central Committee on 24 FebruaryYeltsin was removed from his position as a Candidate member of the Politburo. He was perturbed and humiliated but began plotting his revenge.
Yeltsin's criticism of the Politburo and Gorbachev led to a smear campaign against him, in which examples of Yeltsin's awkward behavior were used against him.
- Mikhail Gorbachev: The man who lost an empire
- Boris Yeltsin
An article in Pravda described Yeltsin as drunk at a lecture during his September  visit to the United States, an allegation which appeared to be confirmed by a TV account of his speech. However, popular dissatisfaction with the regime was very strong, and these attempts to smear Yeltsin only added to his popularity.
In another incident, Yeltsin fell from a bridge. Commenting on this event, Yeltsin hinted that he was helped to fall from the bridge by the enemies of perestroikabut his opponents suggested that he was simply drunk.