10 Warning Signs of a Negative Corporate Culture
Relationships need to be maintained and healthy relationships take work. Notice your partner attempts to controls how you dress and criticizes your behaviors you can begin to work on improving the negative aspect of your relationships to. They do exist at work and the better you get at dealing with them, the happier you' ll be. Effective relationships, with the boss and coworkers, create success and They're just examples of the types of behavior that cry out for responsible Too often, employees have difficult bosses who have a negative impact on their. Read on for word lists on task-oriented, relationship-oriented, introverted and how someone behaves when they are given a project or an assignment to work on. Some examples words to describe task-oriented behavior with negative.
To be specific, employees with high OBSE and PIS believe in their value in organizations, and always show positive work attitudes and behaviors in order to sustain positive self-cognition; on the contrary, employees with low OBSE and PIS cannot obtain value identification in organizations with negative self-cognitionand always demonstrate negative work attitudes and behaviors Pierce and Gardner, Thus, the following hypotheses are made: The Moderating Effect of Hostile Attribution Bias Hostile attribution bias means that individuals are inclined to give hostile explanations to an equivocal context Adams and John,which is a type of external attribution inclinations.
They attribute failure to such external factors as environment, others, etc.
Healthy vs. Unhealthy Relationships
Specially, hostile attribution bias plays a greater role in negative contexts Thomas and Pondy,and individuals with high hostile attribution bias bear stronger negative psychological feelings in such negative contexts.
Therefore, in front of strong perceived negative workplace gossip, employees with high hostile attribution bias will consolidate its negative influence on their psychology, which grows stronger and stronger, obviously withholding self-concept OBSE and PIS. Accordingly, this study proposes the following hypothesis: Hypothesis 3 indicates that hostile attribution bias moderates the relationship between perceived negative workplace gossip and self-concept OBSE and PISspecifically, strengthens the negative relationship between perceived negative workplace gossip and self-concept OBSE and PIS.
In summary, in combination with Hypotheses 2 and 3, the study further proposes two moderated mediation models. To be specific, employees with high hostile attribution bias will consolidate the impact of negative information on themselves while attacked by negative workplace gossip, and their OBSE and PIS will be reduced as well, further lowering their IRB and OCB.
A graphical representation of the study goals is illustrated in Figure 1. Summary model of hypothesized relationships. All participants provided written informed consent. We selected full-time employees from traditional work teams of seven Chinese companies in diverse industries and with various job types to increase external validity of proposed relationships. The process was completed with support from human resources departments of participating enterprises.
In order to minimize common method variance Podsakoff et al. With regard to ethical standards for research, the study adhered to the latest version of the Declaration of Helsinki revised in Fortaleza World Medical Association [WMA], Participants In T1, questionnaires were distributed to employees.
Among them, Among dyads, Two weeks later, T3 conducted with the above employees. Finally we had valid questionnaires of dyads: Employees had, on average, 6.
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- 10 Warning Signs of a Negative Corporate Culture
Measures In this study, measuring scales all came from leading international journals and boast good psychometric property. We followed the commonly used back-translation procedure proposed by Brislin to translate them into Chinese.
Unless otherwise indicated, all following measures were rated by employees and their direct leaders on a 5-point Likert type scale ranging from strongly disagree 1 to strongly agree 5.
Perceived negative workplace gossip: A three-item scale developed by Chandra and Robinson was used to measure perceived negative workplace gossip. Organizational-based self-esteem was ranked by employees with 10 items on a five-point scale developed by Pierce et al. Perceived insider status was measured with six items scale developed by Stamper and Masterson Hostile attribution bias was measured with six-item scale developed by Adams and John In-role behavior and OCB were measured with 15 items on a five-point scale developed by Williams and Anderson Results of confirmatory factor analyses.
Descriptive Statistics Means, standard deviations, and correlations of variables in the study are presented in Table 2. Means, standard deviations, and correlations.
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Therefore, Hypotheses 1a and 1b were supported. Results of mediating effect analysis.
Tables 34 show that: In order to further examine the mediating effect, we also adopted Sobel test. Therefore, Hypotheses 2a is supported. Results of moderating effect analysis. Therefore, Hypotheses 2b is supported.
Hypothesis 3 proposes that hostile attribution bias moderates the relationship between perceived negative workplace gossip and self-concept OBSE and PIS. As indicated by M15 and M18 in Table 4the interactive effect is 0. Thus, Hypothesis 3 is supported. Following the procedures recommended by Aiken and Westwe charted and conducted the simple slope test.
As shown in Figures 23for employees with high level of hostile attribution bias, perceived negative workplace gossip establishes a stronger negative relationship with OBSE and PIS.
The moderating effect of hostile attribution bias. Hypothesis 4 proposes two moderated-mediation models.
Moderated path analysis approach bootstrapping method, Edwards and Lambert, was applied to estimate two set of effects at high and low levels of moderators.
Thus, H4a is supported. Results of the moderated path analysis. Thus, H4b is supported. Discussion In organizations, gossips serve as a major tool to strengthen informal employee relationship Noon and Delbridge, ; Dunbar, ; Kniffin and Wilson, Although negative workplace gossip means social undermining to employees Duffy et al. Theoretical Significance Firstly, the study represents pioneering efforts to empirically investigate the impact of consequences of negative workplace gossip in Chinese cultural background, which enriches and expands researches on negative workplace gossip.
Specifically, negative workplace gossip has gradually become a hotspot in the research field of organizational behavior Foster, ; Waddington and Michelson, ; Feinberg et al.
Secondly, our study also helps advance the self-verification theory.
Scholars propose that self-verification, as one of the most important human motivations Kwang and Swann, ; Swann,can bring individuals such benefits as enhancement of control sense and predictive power of the outside Swann, One possible reason that the literature on workplace gossip is being held back is that it lacks a theoretical framework Wu et al.
Therefore, findings of this research contribute to knowledge on the interpersonal effects of information spread based on self-verification theory, especially on the relationship between negative gossip and positive behaviors.
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The paper starts from self-verification theory to explore the mediating mechanism of negative workplace gossip. The conclusion agrees with viewpoints of interpersonal interactionism in self-verification theory: Last but not least, the study extends researches on negative organizational behavior through self-verification theory Korman, ; Swann, In front of negative organizational behaviors such as negative workplace gossipindividuals with negative self-evaluation are inclined to self-verify negative self-evaluation, and perform a series of negative attitudes and behaviors, etc.
Achievements of this study have manifested the theory content, and enriched theory research in the field of negative organizational behaviors. Practical Implications People personally process and modify disseminating gossips based on their own wish, habit, concern, prejudice, and expectation, and not a few people will randomly change gossip contents.
Therefore, organizations should take measures to handle negative workplace gossip: A healthy relationship should bring more happiness than stress into your life. Every relationship will have stress at times, but you want to prevent prolonged mental stress on either member of the relationship.
Below are some characteristic that maybe present in your healthy relationships. While in a healthy relationship you: Relationships are give and take; allowing your partner to influence you is important; this can be especially difficult for some men. Fighting is part of even healthy relationships, the difference is how the conflict is handled. Fighting fairly is an important skill you help you have healthier relationships. What are the signs of an unhealthy relationship?
At times all relationships will have some of the characteristics listed below.
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However, unhealthy relationships will exhibit these characteristics more frequently and cause you stress and pressure that is hard to avoid. This tension is unhealthy for both members of the relationship and may lead to problems in other areas of your life.
While in an unhealthy relationship you: By recognizing how these characteristics affect you, you can begin to work on improving the negative aspect of your relationships to benefit both of you. When should I seek professional help for my relationship?