Europe supports Turkey as relations with US worsen | Arab News
The U.S.-Turkey relationship reached an inflection point this week when Andrew Brunson was transferred to house arrest rather than released. Alessandri writes that these countries' support of Turkish membership in the EU provides lessons for U.S.-Turkish relations and for Europe as a whole. What will the future EU relations with Russia, Turkey and the US look like? For this dossier the European Office of the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung asked European.
The NATO alliance is in true danger of unraveling, and it cannot survive on its own. Saving it will require persistence, perseverance, and hard work.
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Erdogan is surely a part of the problem. Relations with Russia are cozier than ever, while ties with the United States are at their nadir and those with Europe remain crisis-ridden. He only stoked the flames of an already burning fire.
On both the left and the right, there existed deep reservoirs of antipathy toward NATO. Starting in the s, Turkey found itself facing another problem.
Its neighbors—particularly Syria and Iraq—were supporting militant groups fighting against it: But Turkey could not fight back, because its forces were unavailable and its allies were uninterested.
With the end of the Cold War, Ankara thought that this picture would change. Then-President Turgut Ozal believed that if Turkey could prove its worth as an ally, it would have a bigger say in how the United States, now the hegemon of a unipolar world, would shape its region. He opened Incirlik Air Base to U.
The U.S.-Turkey Relationship Is Worse Off Than You Think – Foreign Policy
Allegedly, he even asked then-U. Instead, Turkey lost more than it gained. The region also became a staging ground for PKK attacks into southeast Anatolia.
This experience also convinced many in Turkey that Washington favors an independent Kurdistan next door—a sentiment so pervasive that a decade later, it was enough to scare the Turkish parliament away from allowing U.
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Yet, Washington made allies with it in Syria, while the Europeans have been allowing it to operate freely in their countries for decades. A similar dynamic was at play in the S deala crisis that was by no means inevitable. It is no secret that Ankara has high ambitions for its defense industry. The country is already investing billions into building its own battle tank, combat warship, and fifth-generation fighter jet.
Friends or Foes, Tensions or Ties? The EU’s Relations with Turkey, Russia and the US
Nonetheless, they gave Ankara the cold shoulder. Also worth mentioning is the matter of Fethullah Gulen, the controversial cleric Ankara holds responsible for a failed coup attempt in At the height of his power, Gulen had millions of followers worldwide and controlled billions of dollars in assets. He was a powerful ally to Erdogan in his early years and instrumental in the success of his campaign against the secular military establishment. Erdogan is committed to continuing a series of major mega-construction projects, which include one of the world's largest airports and a major canal running through Istanbul.
Now is the time for reconstruction, and Europe's support is needed for this.
Erdogan's planned summit later this year with France, Germany, and Russia reportedly is expected to focus on the task of rebuilding Syria. Human rights concerns Europe's ongoing concerns over Turkey's human rights record, though, could complicate rapprochement efforts.
Under the EU's Copenhagen Criteria as a membership candidate, Turkey is compelled to observe fundamental human rights.
Turkey Warms Up to Europe as Its US Ties Fester
In a move this month interpreted as a gesture to Europe, Erdogan ended two years of emergency rule, introduced after the failed coup. Critics dismissed the move, pointing out that new legislation passing through parliament includes many of the most severe elements of the emergency rule. The opposition fears a greater crackdown. I think a continuation of the crackdown is not feasible, given the economic situation and Turkey's tenuous position between West and East.
Turkey is successfully controlling the flow of migrants into Europe as part of a two-year-old deal with Brussels. Turkish cooperation in monitoring returning European jihadis from Syria is seen as vital by Europe's security forces. Analysts are not predicting that rapprochement with Europe will offer any hope for revitalizing Turkey's EU membership bid.