Ethiopia–Russia relations - Wikipedia
US-Ethiopia relationship changing amid Horn of Africa power Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) versus their bitter But after a military coup overthrew the emperor in , Ethiopia pivoted to Russia. Russia and Ethiopia are drafting intergovernmental agreements in the area of such as respect for the United Nations and international law, the UN relations,” Lavrov said, adding that Russia and Ethiopia rely on those. Africa in the news: Ethiopia's reform, Russia's Africa ties, and South Africa's In contrast, the United States recently announced that it may be.
Eritrea uses the conflict with Ethiopia as an excuse for not making any government reforms. Third, a peace deal would open a new dynamic in the dysfunctional and tension-ridden Horn of Africa.
Ethiopia, Russia commend 120 years of diplomatic relations
It is true that Eritrea has supported bad actors in its neighborhood. If Eritrea had peace with Ethiopia, it would feel more secure and Eritrea would be less prone to causing trouble in the region and more likely to reduce tensions. Fourth, if the United States and Eritrea had a new relationship, Eritrea could be our Plan B African military base, as Djibouti is getting a little too friendly with China.
Eritreans disagreed with this solution, fought a year war against Ethiopia and won independence in During its struggle, Eritrea had no reliable friends. The current Eritrean leadership is made up of the former military leaders who led the country to its independence. Eritrea has had tense relations with the West. In the early s, the Clinton administration provided financial aid and military assistance to the country.
Less than a decade later, the United States ended those relations and suspended the sale of weapons to Eritrea when war broke out in The Bush administration had serious concerns in the mids that Eritrea was providing sanctuary to al-Shabab terrorists, which led to the imposition of an arms embargo in The Obama administration signed an executive order in with a series of financial sanctions against Eritrea for its failure to address human trafficking.
I asked senior leaders in Eritrea if they see al-Shabab as a terrorist group, and all of them agreed that it is. It is important to note that Eritrea has been deemed al-Shabab-free for more than six years, according to outside monitors known as the Somalia Eritrea Monitoring Group.
Given that this is the case, this would be a moment to revisit the sanctions on Eritrea and consider removing them. Even if Eritrea has rid itself of its ties to the worst terrorist groups, it remains true that Eritrea has a persistently bad record as a human rights violator.
It has no legislature, no independent civil society organizations or media outlets, and no independent judiciary. The government restricts religious freedoms, banning all but four groups. Its worst relations are with Ethiopia, which it has fought two wars against in the last 50 years. The latest Eritrea-Ethiopia war was fought over lingering border disputes and lasted from tocontinuing to cause conflict between the two countries to this day.
This war was notorious for being one of the deadliest wars in Africa, killing some 90, people. At the end of hostilities, a peace agreement was put together in Algeria. The border dispute was taken to border expertsand the countries agreed to accept the findings of those experts. In other words, Eritrea largely won the diplomatic and political war, but Ethiopia continues to hold the disputed territory, including the small village of Badme.
This week, Ethiopia said it will return Badme and help end the war. The victory of the Ethiopian resistance over Italians in gave the world the first glimmer of hope in the global fight against fascism. We treat Ethiopian veterans with great respect and take part in joint memorial events including annual celebration of the Patriots Victory Day at Arat Kilo Square on May 5.
After Abyssinia was liberated from fascist occupation, Russian-Ethiopian diplomatic relations that had been previously interrupted in due to the Russian revolution, were reestablished in Relations with the Soviet Union were of special importance to Ethiopia… Absolutely, these were relations of not just partners but allies. Suffice it to recall how Moscow assisted Ethiopia during the Ogaden War in with rapid delivery of arms, equipment and sending military advisers.
Our relations were certainly not limited to military assistance but also included broad cooperation in industry, agriculture, energy, education and culture. And what is the current situation regarding trade and economic relations between the two countries? I must admit that the potential of our economic relations is far bigger that the current volume of bilateral trade. However, we have a number of important joint projects already running. Take for instance natural resources. Russian energy giant Gazprom has been undertaking oil exploration works in Afar region since Russia is financing the UNIDO project aimed at the development of fisheries and aquaculture in Ethiopia, as well as creation of production and marketing value chains, which will provide people with fish products.
We hope that these measures will assist solving the problem of food insecurity in Ethiopia.
For the majority of Ethiopians, Russia is nevertheless not just an economic partner, but a country with rich culture, developed science and medicine, as well as a place where many could get free top-quality education. Ethiopians also remember the great poet Alexander Pushkin who had Ethiopian roots. How would you comment on the current level of relations in the scientific, educational and cultural spheres?
In this context, I would rather speak about broader humanitarian cooperation, which traditionally is a strong part of our bilateral relations. Take for example the Russian Red Cross hospital named after Dejazmach Balcha, which employs dozens of Russian specialists and treats more than 70, Ethiopians annually. Russia really helps Ethiopia to deal with the acute problem of infant mortality: This year alone, 25 medical specialists from Ethiopia attended two-week courses in pediatric centers in Moscow and St.
Russian universities continue to educate Ethiopian students for free, including targeted training of personnel for the country's developing rail transport: It does not only promote the Russian language and values in Ethiopia through linguistic courses and cultural events, but also serves as a link between cultures of the two countries, uniting under one roof compatriots, graduates of Soviet and Russian universities and simply everyone who is interested in developing bilateral ties.
Speaking about the roles of Ethiopia and Russia on the global arena, how do the countries build political relations on international platforms? The success of Russian-Ethiopian political interaction is based on identical or similar positions on major global issues.
Foreign relations of Ethiopia - Wikipedia
Our Ethiopian partners consistently support Russian initiatives in the United Nations on the basis of reciprocity. Since Ethiopia is a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council inwe are also engaged in a close dialogue within this platform. I would like to note that during recent years we have been able to bring the bilateral political dialogue to a new level. Addis Ababa hosted the Russian delegation warmly. During the talks with Ethiopian partners we thoroughly discussed prospective directions of strengthening mutually beneficial cooperation in the fields of trade, economy and investments, with a focus on implementing joint projects with Ethiopia in energy, agriculture, transport, geological studies, science and technologies.
The heads of foreign ministries exchanged views on practical steps towards implementing the agreements reached earlier, including the establishment of the Ethiopian Centre for Nuclear Science and Technology based on a research reactor of Russian design. The Ministers stressed the importance of further cooperation in humanitarian sphere and training of local personnel. Under his visionary leadership, the AU continues to strengthen its crucial role in protecting continental security, fostering integration and advocating common African position on the global arena.
As one of the founders of the Organization of African Unity and promoters of pan-Africanism, Ethiopia has always been at the forefront of tackling these issues. Referring to the role of Russia on the world stage, how would you define the place of your country in the modern system of international relations?
Today we are witnessing a desire of certain Western countries to create a unilateral world model according to their own scenarios, disregarding cultural features, traditions, development level of other nations and peoples. In doing so, they often flagrantly violate fundamental principles and norms of international law, show lack of respect for world community.
From the Russian point of view, this approach is unacceptable since it destroys traditional values developed in societies for generations. In countering these dangerous trends, we feel support of many countries including Ethiopia.
We all agree that the only possibility of further development is to create and strengthen a genuinely multipolar world based on principles of mutual respect and balance of interests. At the same time, we believe that the United Nations should play a leading role in international security and stability.