Everything you ever wanted to know about Mr. Knightley in Emma, written by The whole brother-sister relationship they have going dissolves somewhere. Only when someone else, like Mr. Knightley, points out the imbalance, and when Harriet reaches above her lower status, does it feel problematic to Emma. Start studying Emma By Jane Austen-Reading Check Quiz. Learn vocabulary, terms -Mr. Knightley. What is the second Mrs. Weston's relationship to Frank?.
Every quirk you notice leads you to a design. If you ask very specific questions about what goes on in her novels, you reveal their cleverness. The closer you look, the more you see. Try these 10 questions. Who marries a man younger than herself? Age matters very much to characters in Austen's novels: The age of a young woman but also a man determines her or his marriage prospects.
In Pride and PrejudiceCharlotte Lucas is 27 when she snares Mr Collins, her age spurring her to waste no time when he heaves into view.Emma (9/10) Movie CLIP - More than a Friend (1996) HD
She is, however, an absurd year-old: Lady Russell in Persuasion thinks that Charles Musgrove would not have been good enough for Anne Elliot when she was 19, but once she is 22 and still unmarried, he becomes quite a catch, so quickly does a young woman's bloom fade. Yet Lady Russell is usually wrong about things, and at the ripe age of 27 that number again Anne gets the man she loves.
Charlotte Lucas feels all that age pressure. In hooking her husband she becomes the only woman in all Austen's fiction to marry a man younger than herself. For Mr Collins is introduced to us as a "tall, heavy-looking young man of five-and-twenty". Many admirers of Pride and Prejudice think of Mr Collins as middle-aged.
In the Hollywood film the role was taken by British character actor Melville Cooper, then aged The trend was set. In the film, the role was taken by a slightly more youthful Tom Hollanderthen aged Adaptors miss the point by getting his age wrong. His solemnity and sententiousness are much better, much funnier, coming from someone so "young". Middle-aged is what he would like to sound, rather than what he is.
His youth emphasises Charlotte's achievement, with little money and no beauty to assist her. It has to be a bad person, for anyone who professes not to care about cash must be lying. It is Isabella Thorpe in Northanger Abbeya youthful but accomplished hypocrite, who announces her antipathy to lucre.
A few chapters later she tells Catherine Moreland, in preparation for dumping James Moreland in favour of Frederick Tilney, "after all that romancers may say, there is no doing without money". Lucy is ruthless about money, a fact nicely illustrated by her stealing all her sister's petty cash from her before eloping with Robert Ferrars. We should not forget that idealistic Marianne Dashwood shares this supposed scorn of wealth with these two calculating girls.
When Elinor and Marianne debate the importance of money in the company of Edward, Marianne reacts indignantly to Elinor's declaration that happiness has much to do with "wealth": Beyond a competence, it can afford no real satisfaction, as far as mere self is concerned. All it needs is to be "newly fitted up — a couple of hundred pounds, Willoughby says, would make it one of the pleasantest summer-rooms in England".
The casual extravagance of this — all the worse as it is the imagining of wealth that will come only when Willoughby's aunt dies — should stop us short. The two lovers have been thinking of spending twice Miss and Mrs Bates's joint annual income in Emma on soft furnishings for one room.
Austen's attentive first readers would surely have come close to despising Marianne when they heard her saying this. It is further proof that those who declare themselves above caring about money are those who are most governed by it. What is Mrs Bennet's Christian name?
Nor do we know the forenames of other Austen ladies: A few husbands call their wives by their first names. In Emma, Mr Elton flaunts his use of his wife's Christian name.
It is almost ostentatious. He called her 'Augusta. Her exclamation indicates that the Eltons are behaving in an unusual, perhaps modish, manner. Mr Elton's flourishing of "Augusta" is made the more repellent by Mrs Elton's mock-coy revelation that he wrote an acrostic on her name while courting her in Bath. Yet it is not simply "wrong" to use your wife's Christian name. In Persuasion Admiral Croft addresses his wife as "Sophy".
This is at one with his breezy good-heartedness, and a sign of the couple's closeness. Such is his uxoriousness that, as he struggles to remember Louisa Musgrove's frothy name, he frankly wishes that all women were called Sophy. Meanwhile his wife addresses him as "my dear admiral". The mere use of a person's Christian name is electric.
Emma by Jane Austen. Search eText, Read Online, Study, Discuss.
In Sense and Sensibility Elinor overhears Willoughby discussing the gift of a horse with her sister and saying, "Marianne, the horse is still yours. But it is even rarer for a woman to call a man by his first name. Mr Knightley asks Emma to call him George, but she won't. The plot of Emma turns on Frank Churchill's "blunder" in mentioning the likelihood of Mr Perry, the local apothecary, "setting up his carriage". Frank knows because of his secret correspondence with Jane Fairfax, and is therefore in difficulties when asked by Mrs Weston how he found out.
The news is telling. Mr Perry is evidently making so much money from the hypochondriacs of Highbury that he can accede to his wife's desire for a carriage. The Austens themselves owned a carriage for a year or two in the late s but then had to give it up. Mr Perry can use his carriage to make his lucrative house calls. The "intelligent, gentlemanlike" practitioner is a kind of therapist, whose business is humouring his clucking patients.
He is first seen tactfully failing to contradict Mr Woodhouse's absurd opinion that wedding cake is harmful. He agrees that it "might certainly disagree with many — perhaps with most people, unless taken moderately". Though "all the little Perrys" are soon seen "with a slice of Mrs Weston's wedding-cake in their hands".
Their father is a man who makes his handsome living from echoing the prejudices of his clients. Frank Churchill later tries a joke about Mr Perry's earnings, suggesting that if a ball were to be held at the Crown instead of at Randalls there would be less danger of anyone catching a cold.
Ten questions on Jane Austen
Who is wearing mourning? When Frank meets Emma after the announcement of his engagement, he is smiling and laughing on this "most happy day", but suited, we should realise, all in black.
We are not told this: Austen's first readers would have "seen" this garb, and registered the clash of official sorrow and private happiness. The deaths of close kin required a period of full or "deep" mourning — in which clothes were predominantly black — followed by an equal period of "second" or "slight" mourning. Austen's own letters to her sister are full of chat about adapting clothing to mark the death of this or that relative.
On hearing of Mrs Churchill's death, Mr Weston shakes his head solemnly while thinking — Austen cannot resist telling us — "that his mourning should be as handsome as possible". Their mourning is not grief. We take it that, even in their black clothes, they are delighted to be rid of an irksome impediment to their sisterly friendship.
Austen likes us to notice how official mourners fail to grieve. In Persuasion, Captain Benwick is "in mourning" for Fanny Harville's loss, which means not just that he is sad, but that he is actually wearing black, as the Harvilles are likely to be. Anne learns the story of their shared tragedy, but then their clothes would already have made her curious. If we do not see these clothes we lose something, for Captain Benwick must either eschew his mourning dress while paying his attentions to Louisa Musgrove, or court her while wearing it.
Either possibility gives special force to Captain Harville's later exclamation to Anne: Where does Wickham have a tryst with Georgiana Darcy? By the seaside — where else? The near-seduction of Mr Darcy's sister is staged with the help of the perfidious ex-governess Mrs Younge at Ramsgate, on the Kent coast, where, we infer, Georgiana Darcy is at Wickham's mercy.
Only her brother's last-minute arrival saves her. It is dangerous by the sea. Austen had something particular against Ramsgate, where her sailor brother Francis was stationed in In a letter to Cassandra in she refers to a friend who has decided to move to Ramsgate and exclaims: On arrival in the town, he and Sneyd find "Mrs and the two Miss Sneyds … out on the pier … with others of their acquaintance.
Sex is in the air in Ramsgate. Actually to discover that Mr. Knightley is a gentleman! I doubt whether he will return the compliment, and discover her to be a lady. I could not have believed it! And to propose that she and I should unite to form a musical club! One would fancy we were bosom friends! Astonished that the person who had brought me up should be a gentlewoman! I never met with her equal. Much beyond my hopes. Harriet is disgraced by any comparison. How angry and how diverted he would be!
Always the first person to be thought of! How I catch myself out! Frank Churchill comes as regularly into my mind! Knightley arrives - against his custom - at the Coles' in his carriage: I am quite glad to see you.
You might not have distinguished how I came by my look or manner. There is always a look of consciousness or bustle when people come in a way which they know to be beneath them. You think you carry it off very well, I dare say; but with you it is a sort of bravado, an air of unaffected concern; I aleays observe it whenever I meet you under those circumstances. Now you have nothing to try for. You are not afraid of being supposed ashamed. You are not striving to look taller than anybody else.
Now I shall really be happy to walk into the same room with you. Knightley's kind behavior towards Jane in response to Mrs.
Westion's suspicions of attachment: Knightley to do the sort of thing - to do any thing really good-natured, useful, considerate, or benevolent. He is not a gallant man, but he is a very humane one - and for an act of unostentatious kindness, there is nobody whom I would fix on more than on Mr. Weston, smiling, "you give him credit for more simple, disinterested benevolence than I do; for when Miss Bates was speaking, a suspicion darted into my head, and I have never been able to get it out again.
The more I think of it, the more probable it appears What do you say to it? Knightley and Jane Fairfax! Weston, how could you think of such a thing? Knightley must not marry! I cannot at all consent to Mr. Knightley's marrying; and I am sure that it is not at all likely. I am amazed that you should think of such a thing. I do not want the match - I do not want to injure dear little Henry - but the idea has been given me by circumstances; and if Mr.
Knightley really wished to marry, you would not have him refrain on Henry's account, a boy of six years old, who knows nothing of the matter? I could not bear to have Henry supplanted. And Jane Fairfax, too, of all women! Knightley and Jane getting together: E and her caro sposa, and her resources and all her airs of pert pretention and underbred finery Knightley concerning his rumoured affection for the charming Jane Fairfax: You would not come and sit with us in this comfortable way if you were married.
Jane Fairfax is a very charming young woman-but not even Jane Fairfax is perfect. She has a fault. She has not the open temper which a man would wish for in a wife. Emma could not but rejoice that she had a fault Emma reflecting on Jane Fairfax: Since her last conversation with Mrs Weston and Mr.
Knightley, she was more conscience-stricken about Jane Fairfax than she had often been. Knightley's words dwelt with her. The Knightleys and Emma compare handwriting: Isabella and Emma, I think, do write very much alike. I have not always known their writing apart. Yes - there is a likeness.
I know what you mean - but Emma's hand is the strongest. Frank Churchill writes one of the best gentleman's hands I ever saw. I do not admire it. It is too small - wants strength. It is like a woman's writing. This was not submitted to by either lady. They vindicated him against the base aspersion. Weston any letter about her to produce? I have a note of his. Do not you remember, Mrs.
Weston, employing him to write for you one day? Frank Churchill," said Mr. Knightley drily, "writes to a fair lady like Miss Woodhouse, he will, of course, put forth his best.
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Knightley spar over who is best able to take care of the boys: And as to my dear little boys, I must say, that if Aunt Emma has not time for them, I do not think they would fare much better with Uncle Knightley, who is absent from home about five hours where she is absent one; and who, when he is at home, is either reading to himself or settling accounts.
Mr Knightley seemed to be trying not to smile; and succeeded without difficulty, upon Mrs Elton's beginning to talk to him.
Emma reflects about Frank: She was soon convinced that it was not for herself she was feeling apprehensive or embarrassed-it was for him. Her own attachment had really subsided into a mere nothing-it was not worth thinking of. When it is certain that Frank will return, and the ball will be held: All was safe and prosperous; and as the removal of one solicitude generally makes way for another, Emma now being certain of her ball, began to adopt as the next vexation Mr.
Knightley's provoking indifference about it. Either becuase he did not dance himself, or because the plan had been formed without his being consulted, he seemed resolved that it should not interest him, determined against its exciting any present curiousity, or affording him any future amusement.
To her voluntary communications Emma could get no more approving reply than: If the Westons think it worth while to be at all this trouble for a few hours of noisy entertainment I have nothing to say against it, but that they shall not choose pleasures for me. I must be there; I could not refuse; and I will keep as much awake as I can; but I would rather be home, looking over William Larkins's week's account; much rather, I confess.
Pleasure in seeing dancing! Not I, indeed - I never look at it - I do not know who does. Fine dancing, I believe, like virtue, must be its own reward.
Those who are standing by are usually thinking of something very different. It was not in compliment to Jane Fairfax, however, that he was so indifferent, or so indignant; he was not guided by her feelings in reprobating the ball, for she enjoyed the thought of it to an extraordinary degree.
It made her animated - open-hearted It was not to oblige Jane Fairfax, therefore, that he would have preferred the society of William Larkins. Emma contemplates Mr Knightley's dashing appearance: She was more disturbed by Mr Knightley not dancing than by anything else. There he was among the standers-by, where he ought not to be; he ought to be dancing, not classing himself with the husbands, and fathers, and whist-players, who were pretending to feel an interest in the dance till their rubbers were made-up, -so young as he looked!
He could not have appeared to greater advantage perhaps anywhere, than where he had placed himself. His tall, firm, upright figure, among the bulky forms and stooping shoulders of the eldery men, was such as Emma felt must draw everybody's eyes Whenever she caught his eye, she forced him to smile; but in general he was looking grave.
She wished he could love a ballroom better, and could like Frank Churchill better. She must not flatter herself that he thought of her dancing, but if he were criticising her behaviour, she did not feel afraid. Mr Knightley leading Harriet to the set! Never had she been more surprised, seldom more delighted, than at that instant. She was all pleasure and gratitude, both for herself and Harriet, and longed to be thanking him. She hesitated a moment, and then replied, "With you, if you will ask me.
You have shown that you can dance, and you know we are not really so much brother and sister as to make it improper. This little explanation with Mr. Knightley gave Emma considerable pleasure. It was one of the agreeable recollections of the ball, which she walked about the lawn the next morning to enjoy Harriet rational, Frank Churchill not too much in love, and Mr.
Knightley not wanting to quarrel with her, how very happy a summer must be before her! Emma, in a conversation with Harriet: Mr Knightley and I both saying we liked it, and Mr Elton's seeming resolved to learn to like it too. I perfectly remember it. Stop-Mr Knightley was standing just here, was not he?
I have an idea he was standing just here. Knightley reflects on Frank Churchill: Mr Knightley, who, for some reason best known to himself, had certainly taken an early dislike to Frank Churchill, was only growing to dislike him more.
He began to suspect him of some double-dealing in his pursuit of Emma. That Emma was his object appeared indisputable. Every thing declared it; his own attentions, his father's hints, his mother-in-law's guarded silence; it was all in unison; words, conduct, discretion, and indiscretion, told the same story. But while so many were devoting him to Emma, and Emma herself making him over to Harriet, Mr. Knightley began to suspect him of some inclination to trifle with Jane Fairfax.
He could not understand it; but there were symptoms of intelligence between them -- he thought so at least -- symptoms of admiration on his side, which, having once observed, he could not persuade himself to think entirely void of meaning, however he might wish to escape any of Emma's errors of imagination. She was not present when the suspicion first arose.
He was dining with the Randalls' family, and Jane, at the Eltons'; and he had seen a look, more than a single look, at Miss Fairfax, which, from the admirer of Miss Woodhouse, seemed somewhat out of place. When he was again in their company, he could not help remembering what he had seen; nor could he avoid observations which, unless it were like Cowper and his fire at twilight, "Myself creating what I saw," brought him yet stronger suspicion of there being a something of private liking, of private understanding even, between Frank Churchill and Jane.
After the puzzle incident: Knightley] remained at Hartfield after all the rest, his thoughts full of what he had seen; so full, that when the candles came to assist his observations, he must - yes, he certainly must, as a friend - an anxious friend - give Emma some hint, ask her some question.
He could not see her in a situation of such danger without trying to preserve her.
It was his duty. I saw the word, and am curious to know how it could be so entertaining to the one, and so very distressing to the other. She could not endure to give him the true explanation; for though her suspicions were by no means removed, she was really ashamed of having ever imparted them He had hoped she would speak again, but she did not.
She would rather busy herself about anything than speak. He sat a little while in doubt.