Define brahman and atman explain their relationship of source

Atman | Hindu philosophy |

Brahman: Brahman, in the Upanishads (Indian sacred writings), the supreme Though a variety of views are expressed in the Upanishads, they concur in the definition of brahman as eternal, conscious, Hinduism: Doctrine of atman- brahman The Vishishtadvaita (Qualified Nondualist) school maintains that a relation. Atman is part of the universal brahman, with which it can commune or even fuse. So fundamental was the atman deemed to be that certain circles identified it. One way to describe Brahman would be that it is the source of all things, of Brahman is Atman (the individual self) and the relationship between the two. “ Isvara is related to the world and defined through that relationship.

Atman & Brahman

The body houses the atman until the body dies. Atman is immortal and eternal. Brahman is "world soul" or "cosmic soul. It is the life source of all that has been, is and will be throughout the entire cosmos. It is not an individual being - it is more like the primal ground or reality of all being and existence. So, the phrase "atman is Brahman" is saying, quite simply, that the individual soul is the world soul.

In other words, each individual soul - say, yours or mine - comes from and is made of the same reality as the world soul. There is no distinction between us, on the one hand, and the ultimate divine reality, on the other. This is an amazing concept! It basically means that in our deepest selves, we are divine.

All living things are divine in their deepest selves. Now, that divine self may be hidden or covered over by hatred, envy, fear or other negative things. But, it is there nonetheless and it is our "true" and "eternal" selves. Maybe you've heard people say hello, goodbye or greet people with the word "namaste" accompanied by clasped hands and a bow.

f. Atman and Brahman | Mahavidya

What this greeting means is something like "the divine in me honors the divine in you. Atman-Brahman is eternal, unchanging, invisible principle, unaffected absolute and resplendent consciousness. Maya concept, states Archibald Gough, is "the indifferent aggregate of all the possibilities of emanatory or derived existences, pre-existing with Brahman", just like the possibility of a future tree pre-exists in the seed of the tree.

Buddhism and Carvaka school of Hinduism deny that there exists anything called "a soul, a self" individual Atman or Brahman in the cosmic sensewhile the orthodox schools of Hinduism, Jainism and Ajivikas hold that there exists "a soul, a self". The nature of Atman-Brahman is held in these schools, states Barbara Holdrege, to be as a pure being satconsciousness cit and full of bliss anandaand it is formless, distinctionless, nonchanging and unbounded.

Vaisheshika school of Hinduism, for example, holds a substantial, realist ontology. In these schools of Hinduism, states Tietge, the theory of action are derived from and centered in compassion for the other, and not egotistical concern for the self. Teleology deals with the apparent purpose, principle or goal of something. In the first chapter of the Shvetashvatara Upanishadthese questions are dealt with. What is the cause of Brahman?

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Why were we born? By what do we live? On what are we established? Governed by whom, O you who know Brahman, do we live in pleasure and in pain, each in our respective situation? One can only find out its true purpose when one becomes the Brahman as the 'Brahman' is all the knowledge one can know itself.

Brahman - Wikipedia

Hence, complete answers for anything in life can only be determined or obtained when the Brahman is realized as the Brahman is all the complete knowledge itself.

This is said in the Aitareya Upanishad 3. Knowledge is the eye of all that, and on knowledge it is founded.