Relations between Singapore and Malaysia continue to thrive
SINGAPORE (BERNAMA) - Malaysia's International Trade and Industry Minister Darell Leiking has described the economic relationship between Malaysia and Singapore as good. Both countries are also discussing Malaysia's request to defer the Singapore-Kuala Lumpur HSR project that was. Malaysia-Singapore Relations in the Spotlight With Leaders' which was called after the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Often seen as bickering siblings, relations between Malaysia and Singapore .. and tourism zone, and state capital Johor Baru into a new Asian boom town.
In a joint statement, the prime ministers said the agreement, which builds on efforts over the past 10 years, will provide opportunities for officials, educators and students from both countries to carry out exchanges and collaborations on matters of mutual interest. Singapore is consistently one of the top sources of foreign direct investments into Iskandar Malaysiaan economic corridor spanning much of southern Johor. Cultural relations[ edit ] Malaysia and Singapore share significant historical and cultural affinities, as both countries have multiracial populations consisting of MalaysChinese and Indiansand had experienced British colonial rule.
Aside from being governed directly by the British as crown colonies until the midth century, the three territories are renowned for their cosmopolitan populaces, which include the Peranakans. In Singapore, it is officially known as the Tuas Second Link. The bridge was built to reduce traffic congestion at the Johor—Singapore Causeway which have been operated since 2 January In Singapore, the bridge connects to the Ayer Rajah Expressway.
Malaysian and Singaporean counterparts thereby agreed to modify the Points of Agreement signed in Specifically, the two sides agreed to move the KTM railway station from Tanjung Pagar to Woodlands and created a joint venture to be called M-S Pte Ltd to develop six parcels of Singapore land, develop a rapid transit link between Tanjung Puteri in Johor Baru and Woodlands in Singapore, and allow Temasek Holdings and Khazanah to set up a joint venture for the purpose of developing a town in Iskandar Malaysia.
The project is expected to be completed byand would connect Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru to Singapore. There is an ongoing joint hydrometric modelling study of the Johor River.
Malaysia-Singapore economic relationship is good: Minister Darell Leiking
The study aims to help find out why water levels in the Reservoir fell recently, and can also analyse what happens when it rains in Johor, and how this translates into inflows to Linggiu and outflows to the Johor River.
The dip in supply was previously pegged to persistent dry weather, as well as large discharges of water to prevent salinity levels downstream from getting too high. Water conflicts between Malaysia and Singapore [ edit ] Under the Water Agreement, Singapore can draw up to million gallons of water per day from the Johor River. This right expires in The improvement in relations began when Mahathir Mohamad became prime minister of Malaysia.
Lee Kuan Yew and Mahathir achieved a personal rapport that established the tone for a rapprochement, but Singapore's expulsion from Malaysia in August continued to color the relationship. Singapore's primary concern was that Malaysia maintain a political system that tolerated multiracialism. In Singapore's view, the undermining of this political principle in Malaysia would have regional ramifications. Regional tolerance of multiracialism, for example, might be reduced if an Islamic revival in Malaysia led to the establishment of an Islamic state and the status of Malaysia's Chinese population were subsequently endangered.
Singapore cooperated with both Malaysia and Indonesia in maintaining the security of the Malacca and Singapore straits. Another link with Malaysia was the Inter-Governmental Committee IGCa forum established in for the informal discussion of bilateral issues by delegations headed by each country's minister for foreign affairs.
It was a stunning rebuff to the relatively young Lee, who just two years before had led the island into Malaysia in the teeth of opposition at home.
But Lee and Singapore rose to the challenge of independence. The rest of Malaysia did, too. It has prospered and has remained intact, confounding skeptics who viewed mostly non-Muslim Sabah and Sarawak as unnatural additions to the Federation. So, what seemed to many a disaster, a new source of instability in a Southeast Asia still beset with Communist insurgencies and Cold War divisions, has so far had a reasonably happy result.
Malaysia and Singapore remain joined at the hip by geography and history, but their different evolutions over those 40 years are crucial to the survival of a working relationship.
A few random observations may shed some light on these issues. The Malays of Malaysia should be a lot less defensive now than they were in The non-Malay percentage of its population, once more than 40 percent, has been declining because of the much higher Malay birth rate.Minister Vivian Balakrishnan on Singapore-Malaysia relations
Malaysia's overall population is growing faster than Singapore, which has one of lowest fertility rates in the world. Malaysia's economic growth may have been slower than Singapore's, but Malays now have a significant role in an economy once controlled by Chinese and foreigners.
Religious practices imported from Arabia and Iran, such as ubiquitous head scarves for women and enforcement of dietary and other social rules, have changed the face of Malaysia. The more sensual, fun-loving ways and artistic traditions that date from Malaysia's pre-Islamic past are increasingly hidden, in contrast to Indonesia's more relaxed, plural society.
Singapore's secular puritanism, for its part, grates against the rigid Islamist aspects of Malaysia. Although ties are still numerous, non-Malay Malaysians have also drifted somewhat from their Singapore counterparts.
For 20 years, Chinese in Singapore have been encouraged to speak Mandarin. In Malaysia, Hokkien and Cantonese are still the norm. The institutionalized discrimination introduced in Malaysia after has no overt equivalent in Singapore. Yet many ethnic Chinese businessmen find it easier to make money in Malaysia, even after paying for Malay participation, than in a Singapore economy dominated by politically protected government corporations and by foreign multinationals that are often offered tax concessions.
The traditional entrepreneurial talents of overseas Chinese may find more space in Malaysia than in Singapore, where diplomas and formal skills are the key to advancement. Singapore, with its huge compulsory savings program, has sacrificed economic freedom on the altar of investment-led growth driven by state-controlled enterprises. In both cases they have ended up, via different routes, with stock markets that are dominated by huge government-linked companies. Malaysia has borrowed many ideas from Singapore and in doing so has raised its own levels of competitiveness, for example in attracting multinationals and competing for port and aviation business.
At the same time, Singapore has been forced to realize that its prosperity depends on its neighbors' success at least as much as its ability to be a player in global finance or electronics.
Malaysia supplies Singapore with half of its water. Once when Malaysia raised the topic of increasing water rates, its leader Mahathir dared Singapore to try stop buying water from Malaysia and survive on processed seawater, According to an agreement in effect until Malaysia was obligated to supply Singapore with water unless the two countries went to war. Tensions between Singapore and Malaysia ebb and flow. In the late s, Malaysians viewed generous interest rates on bank accounts by Singapore banks as a ploy to undermine the Malaysian economy.
Malaysia has banned Singapore military planes from flying over Malaysian air space.
Singapore separates from Malaysia and becomes independent - Singapore History
Most of all, it has become the region's richest nation and is highly confident, even self-righteous at times. Within the Asian context, when family members quarrel, it is usually kept strictly within the fold. Once it spreads it becomes hard to contain. The water comes in a pipe adjacent to the Singapore-Malaysia causeway over the kilometer- wide Johor Strait.
According to an agreement in effect until Malaysia was obligated to supply Singapore with water unless the two countries went to war. The current contract expires in Kuala Lumpur wants a price increase, or to sell Singapore treated rather than raw water so it could reap more benefits from the deal. But the Marina Reservoir, the 15th to be built in Singapore and the first to be located in the city center, has a much more important role to play.
In the process, Singapore has emerged as an unlikely world leader in water conservation, reclamation and desalination. Singapore's first post-independence leader and current Minister Mentor, Lee Kuan Yew, also said that he would have been prepared to send the troops in, if Malaysia had carried out an "act of madness" like cutting off the water.
However, with the first water agreement set to expire in and no replacement deal in sight, the Singaporean government has moved ahead at a fearsome pace with its push to reduce its dependence on imported water.
Malaysia periodically threatens to turn of the tap.
Malaysia–Singapore relations - Wikipedia
In the early s, Malaysia took out advertisements in newspapers, saying in effect that Singapore paid way too little for the water it used. When these two decided to wash their dirty linen in public, they must have realised the ugly consequences.
Most Thais view this dispute as a family spat.