Blood pressure and kidneys relationship

Know the Connection Between High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease - American Kidney Fund (AKF)

blood pressure and kidneys relationship

Did you know that one in three American adults has high blood pressure? That number may surprise you. According to a report from the American Heart. High blood pressure can damage blood vessels in the kidneys, reducing . a body mass index (BMI) —a measurement of weight in relation to height—of 25 to . These pages explain what blood pressure is and how it relates to kidney disease. The technical What is the link between blood pressure and kidney disease?.

How will I know whether I have high blood pressure? Most people with high blood pressure have no symptoms. The only way to know whether your blood pressure is high is to have a health professional measure it with a blood pressure cuff. The result is expressed as two numbers. The top number, which is called the systolic pressure, represents the pressure when your heart is beating.

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  • High Blood Pressure & Kidney Disease

The bottom number, which is called the diastolic pressure, shows the pressure when your heart is resting between beats. People with a systolic blood pressure of to or a diastolic blood pressure of 80 to 89 are considered prehypertensive and should adopt health-promoting lifestyle changes to prevent diseases of the heart and blood vessels. If your systolic blood pressure is consistently or higher or your diastolic pressure is 90 or higher, you have high blood pressure and should talk with your doctor about the best ways to lower it.

How will I know whether I have kidney damage? Kidney damage, like hypertension, can be unnoticeable and detected only through medical tests. Blood tests will show whether your kidneys are removing wastes efficiently. Your doctor should order tests to measure your serum creatinine.

Having too much creatinine in your blood is a sign that you have kidney damage. The doctor should use the serum creatinine to estimate the main kidney function called glomerular filtration rate, or GFR. Another sign is proteinuria, or protein in your urine. Proteinuria has also been shown to be associated with heart disease and damaged blood vessels. How can I prevent high blood pressure from damaging my kidneys?

How can I control my blood pressure?

Blood pressure and kidney disease

NHLBI has found that five lifestyle changes can help control blood pressure: Maintain your weight at a level close to normal. This can help to show where the damage is and how severe it is. Can kidney disease be treated? In the very early stages, kidney disease may need little or no treatment. However, kidney disease also raises your risk of heart disease and stroke, and your doctor will want to ensure that this risk is as low as it can be.

Controlling your blood pressure is an important way to reduce kidney disease, and to reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke. ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers are usually the first choice of blood pressure medicine for someone with kidney disease. This is because they help protect the kidneys against further damage.

If these medicines do not lower your blood pressure enough then other blood pressure medicines can be used. A BMI lower than 25 is the goal for keeping blood pressure under control. Smoking can damage blood vessels, raise the chance of high blood pressure, and worsen health problems related to high blood pressure.

blood pressure and kidneys relationship

People with high blood pressure should talk with their health care provider about programs and products they can use to quit smoking. Stress Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with problems can improve emotional and physical health. Some activities that may help reduce stress include exercising practicing yoga or tai chi listening to music focusing on something calm or peaceful meditating Clinical Trials The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NIDDK and other components of the National Institutes of Health NIH conduct and support research into many diseases and conditions.

What are clinical trials, and are they right for you? Clinical trials are part of clinical research and at the heart of all medical advances. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease.

High Blood Pressure & Kidney Disease | NIDDK

Researchers also use clinical trials to look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. Find out if clinical trials are right for you.

What clinical trials are open? Clinical trials that are currently open and are recruiting can be viewed at www.

blood pressure and kidneys relationship

This information may contain content about medications and, when taken as prescribed, the conditions they treat. When prepared, this content included the most current information available.

For updates or for questions about any medications, contact the U. Consult your health care provider for more information. References [1] What is high blood pressure?