quick analysis of Khaled Hosseini's A thousand Splendid Suns | Mariam Elgohary - hidden-facts.info
Laila tries to make conversation with Mariam, and she seems specifically interested in discussing the demands which Rasheed has placed on. A Thousand Splendid Suns? by Khaled Hosseini portrays the repression of Mariam and Laila?s relationship was also built as a result of the malicious war and themes of love, trust, and sacrifice to enhance and intensify the relationship. Many of America's artists began to question what they could trust in this new world. . In May , his second novel, A Thousand Splendid Suns, debuted at #1 on . (p ) By getting older, Laila and Tariq's relationship becomes stressed:".
Buy the book and read it. Afghanistan certainly fit that description, which makes me feel a significant amount of personal shame given how intertwined the country has been with the history of the U.
That same time frame is also the primary focus of the novel so I feel like I got a real taste of the history of this mysterious time. The story revolves around two women, Mariam and Laila, born 20 years apart, but whose lives are intertwined through the events of the novel.
As you might expect, the 3 wives were less than enthused and Nana and Mariam were forced to live on the outskirts of town, making Nana a bitter often cruel person to Mariam. The other main character is Laila born in who lives in the same area as Mariam.
During an emotional farewell, Laila and Tariq make love. Later, as her family is preparing to depart Kabul, a rocket kills her parents and severely injures Laila. I want to clarify that last remark because I think it goes to the most chilling aspect of the novel for me. Bottom-line, Rasheed is an ignorant, mean-spirited, petty little pile of assbarf who will make even the most serene and passive reader feel like loading the.
Anyway, once Mariam and Laila find themselves together, the story deepens as these two women slowly learn first to live with each other and later to depend upon each other as they face almost daily challenges, mostly from their abusive husband. She lived in fear of his shifting moods, his volatile temperament, his insistence on steering even mundane exchanges down a confrontational path that, on occasion, he would resolve with punches, slaps, kicks, and sometimes try to make amends for with polluted apologies, and sometimes not.
The lives of these women is an epic journey in every sense of the word and I felt like I was on a journey of my own as I road along with them. While there is much of darkness and pain throughout the book, Hosseini never allows the emotional tone of the story to descend in melodrama. There is little self-pity or wallowing in grief. There is pain, there is loss but there is no surrender.
But I suspect she won't get far. No food, no water, not a rupiah in her pocket, bullets and rockets flying everywhere. How many days do you suppose she'll last before she's abducted, raped, or tossed into some roadside ditch with her throat slit? Lalia was nice to her, but the way Rasheed placed Laila as superior made her feel betrayed and humiliated.
She once tells Laila: After Laila informs Rasheed of her pregnancy, the threat increases more and more for Mariam. Rasheed is extremely happy and wishes to have the boy Mariam could not give him for so many years. Of course Rasheed's hostile attitude towards Mariam increases with such news, but Laila is not happy with that, for she. Rasheed is furious for not having a boy and from this moment on, he mistreats Laila, Mariam and even the little poor Aziza.
Mariam once tells Laila: And you gave him a daughter. So, you see, your sin is even less forgivable than mine. Mariam's heart is filled with Aziza's love and the little girl adores her. Now Laila that once seemed to be a threat, becomes Mariam's last hope in having a meaningful life: She was eager for the three cups of Chai she and Laila would share in the yard, a nightly ritual now.
Fearing that anytime he would kick her out, she begins saving some money for her escape: They look in the bus station for a man seems trust worthy they can go with, for it was forbidden for women to travel alone. They finally find one and tell him that they are a mother and a daughter and their man died.
The stranger unluckily betrays them and tells the militiaman that those two are suspicious: While the soldier interrogates Laila at the station, she pleads him to let them go but in vain. They are sent back to Rasheed's house, he beats them both severely. Rasheed locks Laila and Aziza in the room for almost three days without any food or water and in the hottest days of the year. When he finally opens the door he threatens her: And, when I do, there isn't a court in this godforsaken country that will hold me accountable for what I will do.
To Mariam first, then to her[Aziza], and you last. I'll make you watch. Rasheed is happy about that and describes them: All of Kabul has only one hospital for women, the worst hospital of all. Laila went to such hospital and she had to be opened up in a cesarean surgery with no anesthetic. Zalami is the name of the baby. There was not enough food or water; as a result Rasheed makes Laila put Aziza in an orphanage for he cannot afford to feed all of them.
Mariam tries to save her family and goes to ask help from her father, when she knows that he's dead long. Tariq happens to be that man, so we come to learn that Abdul sharif who once told Laila about his death is no more than a trick from Rasheed to prevent her from leaving.
Laila spends the afternoon chatting with Tariq while Mariam and Zalami are upstairs and Rasheed at work. When Rasheed comes home, Zalami tells him there was a man sitting with his mother.
Rasheed goes wild one final time and beats Laila severly, but not for long, for Mariam cannot stand it anymore, she defends Laila: She turned it so the sharp edge was vertical, and, as she did, it occurred to her that this was the first time that she was decidind the course of her own life. She gives herself to Taliban and confesses her murder.
She sacrifices for the sake of the only two people ever cared for her, and she for them. Mariam Sacrifices to give Laila a chance to fulfill her dreams of living a decent life.
Laila took the responsiblilty to fulfill Mariam's. When America invades Afghanistan and the Taliban regime is demolished, Laila insists to go back there and do her country the favor of rebuilding it. She contributes in making the orphanage; Aziza was once in, a school for both boys and girls.
Music is heard once again in the streets where nothing but. Laila feels obligated to embrace the life Mariam didn't have the chance to live. She goes to the kolba and visits Mullah Faizullah who used to teach Mariam Qur'an and whom Mariam loved so much.
The Mullah is dead now, but his son welcomes Laila when she tells him she knew Mariam, he gives her a box Jalil wanted Mariam to have. The box contained a video of the cartoon Mariam wanted to watch in his cinema that day, and a litter asking her to forgive him. We now learn that when Jalil went to. Mariam's house and she refused to meet him, he was dying Novel Analysis: The name of the novel The name of the novel is taken from a poem about Kabul, Saib-: If it is true that art says one thing and means another, the novel, with its motif of violence against women, is a window into an extremist medieval society that devalues equality, liberty, and human rights in favor of hierarchy, control, and repression.
Certainly Rasheed is a strong representative of that world. What he fails to realize is that when the oppressor goes too far, whether it be an individual or the state, the downtrodden can rise up against the powerful to protect the ones they love, even at ". The novel's timeline In the approximately forty years the novel covers, from the " late s to post-September 11,the daily lives of Afghans swing unpredictably between joy and despair and between hope and disillusionment amid fighting with first the Soviets, then the Mujahideen, then the Taliban, and finally the Americans.
Hosseini's description provides enough of the early years of the two major characters in the novel, Mariam and Laila, to show readers a striking ". He divides the novel into four long parts. In part one; he tackles the life of Mariam from childhood till her marriage to Rasheed.
A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini
Afterwards in part two, he tackles the life of Laila from childhood till it ends with her to the same fate Mariam had, in Rasheed's house. Then part three tackles the lives of both of them in Rasheed's house.
One cannot help but Esmat 23 notice how their oppressed life coincides the oppressed life Afghanistan suffered during the Mujahedeen's war then the Taliban inhuman regime. Finally we come to part four that deals with Laila and Tariq's life in Pakistan, and their return to Afghanistan, and.
Laila's obligation to give Mariam's sacrifice a meaning: Main themes Marriage versus love This theme is contrasted most sharply in the relationships of Mariam and Laila with Rasheed vs the relationship Laila has with Tariq.
Hosseini allows readers to see that for many women in Afghanistan, marriage is not about love: But ultimately it is. Mariam's each pregnancies offer her an opportunity to be hopeful for the future despite her bleak living situation.
Laila's pregnancy with Aziza allows her to remain positive after she learns about Tariq's death. Aziza and Zalmai thus offer light and joy to a story that is otherwise bleak and dark. Childbirth is painful, and the pain that mothers feel during the various birthing scenes reminds us of the sacrifices that parents make in order to bring new life into the world. Laila loves her father more than life itself and totally understands his desire that she be an educated, successful woman.
It is his belief that women will be needed to help re-build Afghanistan that convinces her to return to Kabul.A Thousand Splendid Suns Ch 33
It continues in adulthood when he asks her to marry him when his family leaves Kabul. She refuses, because of her devotion to her father, but makes love with Tariq and brings his beautiful daughter into the world. Thoughts of him never leave her and so when he comes to her house, she thinks nothing of bringing him inside at the risk of Rasheed finding out. Later, she marries him and looks toward a future of rebuilding her country. Of course, the devotion and loyalty between Mariam and Laila is the central idea of the novel.
The two women face an abusive husband together and help each other cope with raising two small children.
Then, when Rasheed threatens to kill Laila, Mariam accepts the fate of being his murderer and offers up. The characters are victims of the Soviets, the Mujahideen, and the Taliban all of whom have little compassion for human life. Power becomes the all-encompassing motivator in the lives of these evil men instead of the hopes and dreams of their countrymen as well as the beauty and success of their country. The women are victims of the power games of men. The Taliban establishes rules and regulations that deny women even basic health care or the capacity to care for their children.
He is a man who presents no fury like the one he unleashes against a scornful woman. He would have killed both Mariam and Laila had Mariam not killed him first. Under the Taliban, he may never have been punished for such an act.
She doesn't have that much space in the novel, but her words forms the rejected childhood Mariam had. Her suicide transforms Mariam and her whole life. Concerning Nana, Mariam always feels guilty"she thought ruefully of Nana, of the sacrifices that she too had made. Nana who could have given her away, or tossed her in a ditch somewhere and run. Instead, Nana had endured the shame of bearing a harami, had shaped her life around the thankless task of raising Mariam and, in her own way, of loving her.
And in the end, Mariam had chosen Jalil over her…. Mariam wished she had been a better daughter to Nana. He is a good father to Mariam all the time she was away from his real life. However, when he realizes that he has to confront her and take her as a real daughter of his, Jalil withdraws and lets his wives decide Mariam's future.
Jalil is being crippled by the sin he made, and Mariam for him is a shame. By the end of the novel, when Laila reveals the true Jalil, one cannot help but feel sorry for him.
He could not show his love for Mariam while both were alive. After all, he intended to make her wish come true and take her as a real daughter just like the cartoon "Pinocchio". One of the few true loving persons Mariam had in her childhood.
She loved him and throughout the novel she remembers him and the verses he taught her from Qur'an. These verses are always her consolation in the agonizing life she lived and the moment of her execution she utters one of these verses.
A plain beam of light in the darkest years in Afghanistan. He is the principle of the orphanage Laila had to put Aziza in. The man tries his best to teach the young girls, in spite it is forbidden by the Taliban.
After the fall of the Taliban, he transfers the orphanage into a school for teaching boys and girls, Laila helpes him in that project. Being deserted from civility, simplifies the shame Jalil and the whole society had for Mariam and Laila. Also being made by hand and not using laborers for Jalil's idea of penance. While she was a child Mariam used to collect them in the kolba represents each one with the sisters and brothers she had from Jalil's other wives and who she wishes to meet.
They are a symbol of her scattered life, always trying to collect the shattered pieces. When Rasheed made her chew the pebbles they became a source of humiliation instead of consolation. It was the cartoon jalil told Mariam about and she wished to watch. As known the movie tells the story if a wooden puppet hopes to be a real boy. Mariam as well feels she's not a real daughter to Jalil and seeks to find the fairy that will transform her into a real daughter.
The novel was Babi's favorite, he's reading it over and over and he told it to Laila. Afghanistan is the big fish: When Rasheed orders Mariam to wear the burqa, it was his first sign of oppression and authority.
He justified this by telling her that he cares about his honor and dignity"where I come from, a woman's face is her husband's business only. The issue of feminism and gender equity has been raised through the character of Mariam and Laila. Both of their fates are connected through a tragic twist of circumstances. However, because of the status of women within the society, their decisions are forced on them. Mariam had to marry Rasheed a shoemaker who is many years elder to her, because her father and his wives force her to do so.
Laila, the other protagonist had to marry Rasheed because she was orphaned and pregnant. Both situations are untenable in her society.
Explore the relationship between Mariam and Laila in A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini.
The novel stresses over the rights women were not given along with the restrictions to education, choices and liberation that restrict their great potentials in the male dominated world.
When Laila is ready to give birth to her son, only one hospital in all of Kabul serves women. This hospital is severely short of staff and lacking in medicine and anesthetic. It seems extreme to portray a cesarean section without anesthetic, but this is historically correct. Laila was to be operated on without any sort of medication during the time of Fundamentalist regime in Afghanistan indicates the hypocrisy of the male dominated society where women were so segregated that sanitary medical conditions, let alone mixed Esmat gender28 hospitals, were denied.
Kabul had only one hospital for women, few doctors were working there, and they had little or no medicine or means to anesthetize their patients: These were the circumstances through which Afghan women were going during the horrifying reign of Taliban. The way Taliban are so artistic in their ways of humiliating women so much likely to those of today's Da'ish. Once they entered Kabul, a message of the new law is uttered day and night, in loudspeakers and written in fliers, tossed in the streets.
This law specified a great space for women as follows: You will stay inside your home all the time. It is not proper for women to wander aimlessly about streets. If you go outside, you must be accompanied by a mahram, a male relative. If you are caught alone on the streets, you will be beaten and sent home. You will not, under any circumstances, show your face. You will cover with burqa when outside.
If you do not, you will be severely beaten. Cosmetics are forbidden Jewelry is forbidden You will not wear charming clothes. You will not speak unless spoken to. You will not make eye contact with men. You will not laugh in public.
If you do, you'll be beaten. You will not paint your nails. If you do, you will lose a finger. Esmat 29 Girls are forbidden from attending school. All schools for girls will be closed immediately. Women are forbidden from working. If you are found guilty of adultery, you will be stoned to death.
No wonder that Hosseini dedicated his work of art for the women of Afghanistan.
A Thousand Splendid Suns
He writes as a dedication "This book is dedicated to Haris and Farah, both the noor of my eyes, and to the women of Afghanistan" Conclusion After finishing the novel one cannot help but feel pity for such a country and such amazing people crushed and tormented by guns and blood. Afghanistan used to be a land of culture and beauty. Women were allowed to go to school and were not forbidden from even walking in the streets, like it was under the Taliban: When he was done, he gave a final whack to the back of her neck and said, "I see you again, I'll beat you until your mother's milk leaks out of your bones.
But we're like those walls up there. Battered and nothing pretty to look at, but still standing. A Thousand Splendid Suns. The Penguin Group,